Master Sommelier Study Guide

12-01-07

 

 France

 

 

INAO is the governing body (Institute National des Appelation D’Origine)

Vin de Table

Vin de Pays 5

  • Vin de Pays d’OC
  • Jardin de la France
  • Comtes Toulosan
  • Comtes Rhodanien
  • Porte de la Meditarrean
  • Atlantique new

VDQSvin delimite de qualite superieure- (since 1970)

AC or AOC (SINCE 1935)

 

Factors governing the AOC’s

 

o   Grapes

o   Viticultural methods

o   Harvest and yield restrictions

o   Minimum alcohol

o   Winemaking techniques

o   Official analysis and tasting

 

 

 

Bordeaux

-GIRONDE RIVER, Maritime Climate, Barriques are 225L

-Soil is broken down starfish and limestone

-En Primeur Sales (sales in tranches)

Cru Bourgeois Exceptionnels (Chasse-Spleen, Haut Marbuzet, Ormes-de-Pez, de Pez, Phelan Segur, Siran)

Crus Bourgeois Superieurs

Crus Bourgeois-created in 1932-updated in 78 and 04

Cru Artisans- added in 94 (revived from 1868) 44 chateau

Bordeaux Superior- half a percent more alcohol than Bordeaux

Bordeaux

 

Bordeaux Clairet- rose only (feeble red? Dark rose?)

Bordeaux Superieur Rose (Chateau Lascombe Rose de Lascombes is best)

Cremant de Bordeaux (rose or white)

 

Medoc is divided in to two districts, Medoc and Haut-Medoc, with first classification in 1855, amended in 1973

            Main Highway throuth the wine regions is the D2

  • St.Estephe
  • Pauillac
  • St Julien
  • Listrac-
    1. CH Clarke
    2. Cap-Leon-Veyrin
    3. Fourcas Dupre
  • Moulis-
    1. Chasses Spleen
    2. Poujeaux
    3. Brillette
  • Margaux “CLAMS”-Cantenac, Labarde, Arsac, Margaux, Soussan
  • Medoc
    1. Temple
    2. La Tour de By
    3. Les Ormes-sorbet
    4. Pontensac
  • Haut Medoc
    1. Sociando-Mallet
    2. Lanessan
    3. Beaumont

 

 

 

1855 Classification

FIRST GROWTHS

·         Château Lafite-Rothschild (Pauillac)

·         Château Latour (Pauillac)

·         Château Mouton-Rothschild (Pauillac) upgraded to 1st growth in 1973

·         Château Margaux (Margaux)

·         Château Haut-Brion Pessac (Graves)


SECOND GROWTHS

·         Château Cos d'Estournel (Saint-EstEphe)

·         Château Montrose (Saint-EstEphe)

·         Château Pichon-Longueville-Baron (Pauillac)

·         Château Pichon-Longueville, Comtesse de Lalande (Pauillac)

·         Château Léoville-Las Cases (Saint-Julien)

·         Château Léoville-Poyferré (Saint-Julien)

·         Château Léoville-Barton (Saint-Julien)

·         Château Ducru-Beaucaillou (Saint-Julien)

·         Château Gruaud-Larose (Saint-Julien)

·         Château Rausan-Ségla (Margaux)

·         Château Rauzan-Gassies (Margaux)

·         Château Durfort-Vivens (Margaux)

·         Château Lascombes (Margaux)

·         Château Brane-Cantenac Cantenac (Margaux)


THIRD GROWTHS

·         Château Calon-Ségur (Saint-EstEphe)

·         Château Lagrange (Saint-Julien)

·         Château Langoa-Barton (Saint-Julien)

·         Château Kirwan Cantenac (Margaux)

·         Château d'Issan Cantenac (Margaux)

·         Château Giscours Labarde (Margaux)

·         Château Malescot Saint-Exupéry (Margaux)

·         Château Boyd-Cantenac Cantenac (Margaux)

·         Château Cantenac-Brown Cantenac (Margaux)

·         Château Palmer Cantenac (Margaux)

·         Château Desmirail (Margaux)

·         Château FerriEre (Margaux)

·         Château Marquis d'Alesme-Becker (Margaux)

·         Château La Lagune Ludon (Haut-Médoc)

 

 

 

 

 


FOURTH GROWTHS

·         Château Lafon-Rochet (Saint-EstEphe)

·         Château Duhart-Milon-Rothschild (Pauillac)

·         Château Saint-Pierre (Saint-Julien)

·         Château Talbot (Saint-Julien)

·         Château Branaire-Ducru (Saint-Julien)

·         Château Beychevelle (Saint-Julien)

·         Château Pouget Cantenac (Margaux)

·         Château Prieuré-Lichine Cantenac (Margaux)

·         Château Marquis-de-Terme (Margaux)

·         Château La Tour-Carnet Saint-Laurent (Haut Médoc)


FIFTH GROWTHS

·         Château Cos-Labory (Saint-EstEphe)

·         Château Pontet-Canet (Pauillac)

·         Château Batailley (Pauillac)

·         Château Haut-Batailley (Pauillac)

·         Château Grand-Puy-Lacoste (Pauillac)

·         Château Grand-Puy-Ducasse (Pauillac)

·         Château Lynch-Bages (Pauillac)

·         Château Lynch-Moussas (Pauillac)

·         Château D'Armailhac (Pauillac)

·         Château Haut-Bages-Libéral (Pauillac)

·         Château Pédesclaux (Pauillac)

·         Château Clerc-Milon (Pauillac)

·         Château Croizet-Bages (Pauillac)

·         Château Dauzac Labarde (Margaux)

·         Château du Tertre Arsac (Margaux)

·         Château Belgrave Saint-Laurent (Haut-Médoc)

·         Château de Camensac Saint-Laurent (Haut-Médoc)

·         Château Cantemerle Macau (Haut-Médoc)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

§   

 

Graves were classified 1953 modified in 1959 and Pessac Leognan created in 1987 (Smith Haut Lafite, Carbonnieux)

Pessac Leognan:

-Created in 1987- 10 best communes in the triangle between Pessac, Leognan, and Bordeaux.

-Carmenere is allowed in red here, but not the rest of Graves

-Minimum 25% SB for whites

 

Graves: 1959 Official Classification
The red and white wines of the Graves region were first classified in 1953, but the classification only became official with the 1959 ranking. Within each category, the Châteaux are not ordered by quality.



 

CLASSIFIED RED WINES OF GRAVES

§     Château Bouscaut (Cadaujac)

§     Château Haut-Bailly (Léognan)

§     Château Carbonnieux (Léognan)

§     Domaine de Chevalier (Léognan)

§     Château de Fieuzal (Léognan)

§     Château d'Olivier (Léognan)

§     Château Malartic-Lagravière (Léognan)

§     Château La Tour-Martillac (Martillac)

§     Château Smith-Haut-Lafitte (Martillac)

§     Château Haut-Brion (Pessac)

§     Château La Mission-Haut-Brion (Talence)

§     Château Pape-Clément (Pessac)

§     Château Latour-Haut-Brion (Talence)


CLASSIFIED WHITE WINES OF GRAVES

§     Château Bouscaut (Cadaujac)

§     Château Carbonnieux (Léognan)

§     Château Domaine de Chevalier (Léognan)

§     Château de Fieuzal (Léognan)

§     Château Malartic Lagravière (Léognan)

§     Château La Tour-Martillac (Martillac)

§     Château Laville-Haut-Brion (Talence)

§     Château Couhins-Lurton (Villenave d'Ornan)

§     Château Couhins (Villenave d'Ornan)

§     Château Haut-Brion (Pessac) (added in 1960)

 

                       …

 

Medoc and Graves Vintages

03,02,01,,00,96,95,90,89,86,85,82,75,61,53,49,45,29,28,00

 

St Emillion and Pomerol

03,01,00,98,96,95,90,89,85,82,75,61,53,49,45,29,28,00

 

Sauternes and Barsac

03,02,01,97,96,95,90,89,88,86,83,75,62,59,55,49,47,45,37

 

Sauternes/Barsac

Minimum alcohol is 12,5%

Minimum sugar 221 g/l

 

Communes of Sauternes

  • Sauternes-Guiraud
  • Barsac-Coutet
  • Bommes-Latour Blanche
  • Fargues-Rieussec
  • Preignac-Suduiraut

 

Cerons-situated between Graves and Sauternes.

Dry and red sold under Graves and sweet wines under Cerons AC.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1855 classification of Sauternes and Barsac

 

 

 

FIRST GREAT GROWTH

 (PREMIER CRU SUPERIEUR)

§     Château d'Yquem Sauternes

§     FIRST GROWTHS (PREMIERS CRUS)

§     Château La Tour-Blanche (Bommes)

§     Château Lafaurie-Peyraguey (Bommes)

§     Château Clos Haut-Peyraguey (Bommes)

§     Château de Rayne-Vigneau (Bommes)

§     Château Suduiraut (Preignac)

§     Château Coutet (Barsac)

§     Château Climens (Barsac)

§     Château Guiraud (Sauternes)

§     Château Rieussec (Fargues)

§     Château Rabaud-Promis (Bommes)

§     Château Sigalas-Rabaud (Bommes)



 

SECOND GROWTHS (DEUXIEMES CRUS)

§     Château de Myrat (Barsac)

§     Château Doisy-Daëne (Barsac)

§     Château Doisy-Dubroca (Barsac)

§     Château Doisy-Védrines (Barsac)

§     Château d'Arche (Sauternes)

§     Château Filhot (Sauternes)

§     Château Broustet (Barsac)

§     Château Nairac (Barsac)

§     Château Caillou (Barsac)

§     Château Suau (Barsac)

§     Château de Malle (Preignac)

§     Château Romer-du-Hayot (Fargues)

§     Château Lamothe-Despujols (Sauternes)

§     Château Lamothe-Guignard (Sauternes)

 

 

                                            

                                            

 

 

The Libournais and Fronsadais

-Bordeaux-Cotes-de-Francs-red and white

-Bordeaux-Cotes-de-Francs Liquoreux-sweet whites- 27g/l resid. Sugar min.

-Cotes-Canon-Fronsac-red only

-Cotes-de-Castillion-red that was sold as Bordeaux (Superieur) until 1989

-Fronsac –red only

            communes include: La Riviere, St. Germain la Riviere, St. Aignan, Saillans,

            St. Michel de Fronsac, Galgon, and Fronsac

-Lalande-De-Pomerol –red only, includes commune of Neac

-Neac-classified as Lalande de Pomerol

-Pomerol-red only average 80% Merlot (no p. verdot)

                Clinet, La Croix de Gay, La Croix, Certain de May, vieux chateau certan,

               Petrus, Lafleur, Gazin, le Gay, Fleur-Petrus

-St.Emilion, which was classified 1955 and REVISED EVERY 10 YEARS

Most recent was 2006

Pavie Maquin and Troplong Mondot upgraded to PGCC in 2006- disputed in 2007

Angelus and Beausejour Becot upgraded to PGCC in 1996

 

Class A-is Cheval Blanc and Ausone

Class B-Belair, Beausejour, Figeac, Pavie

Grand Cru-Pavie Decesse, l’Arrosee,

 

St Emillion Satillites:

1.   Montagne

2.   Lussac

3.   Puisseguin

4.    St. Georges

 

 

Bourg and Blaye

 -Cotes de Blaye white vs. Premier Cotes de Blaye= red and white

 

-Red grapes in Blaye are usual plus Prolongeau, Beguignol

-White grapes are usual plus Ugni Blanc, Folle Blanche, Colombard, and Chenin Blanc

 

-Bourg producers: Chateau du Bousquet, Chateau Eyquem, Chateau Roc de Cambes

-Blaye producers: Chateau Crusquet-de-Lagarcie, Chateau Haut Bertinerie

 

                       …

 

 

Entre Deux Meres

            Largest commune

            “high culture” vine training system

            Soil=Boulbènes

Merlot Blanc, Ugni Blanc, Colombard allowed in some Acs

 

Appellations of Entre deux Meres

  1. Bordeaux Haut-Benauge dry white
  2. Cadillac sweet white
  3. Côtes-de-Bordeaux-St.-Macaire off dry whites
  4. Entre-Deux-Mers dry whites
  5. Entre-Deux-Mers-Haut-Benauge dry whites- may include merlot blanc and up to 10% colombard, mauzac or ugni blanc
  6. Graves de Vayres-Dordogne side- red and white
  7. Loupiac- sweet white
  8. Premières-Côtes-de-Bordeaux-red and white
  9. Ste.-Croix-du-Mont-sweet white
  10. Ste.-Foye-Bordeaux-red and white

 

Producers of Entre-Deux-Meres

Chateau de Cerons, Chateau Bel-Air, chateau la Rame, Chateau Latour, Chateau Lamothe

 

 

 

BURGUNDY

 

-Bourgogne- may include P. Gris, P. Blanc, P. Liebault, Cesar, Tressot and Gamay

-Bourgogne Aligote- best come from Bouzeron

-Bourgogne Grand Ordinaire-

-Bourgogne Mousseaux- sparkling red only

-Cremant de Bourgogne sparkling rose and white

-Bourgogne Passe-Tout-Grains pinot and gammay with a minimum of 1/3 pinot

 

 

Burgundy vintages

Red:05,02,99,96,95,90,89,98,85,78,71,96,61,59,49,45,29,19,15

White: 99,98,97,96,95,92,90,89,88,86,85,62,28,21

 

What is the exact size of a Burgundy barrel?

            228 liters.

 

 

  • Chablis ( soil is Kimmaridgien and Portlandia)
    1. Petit Chablis 9,5%
    2. Chablis 10%
    3. Premier Cru10,5 % (Fourchaume, Monte de Tonnere, Vaillons, Foret )
    4. Grand Cru 11% (Blanchots, Bougros, Les Clos, Les Grenoilles, Le Preuse, Valmur, Vaudesir) LaMoutonne

 

AOC Sauvignon St Bris-Sauvignon Blanc from Yonne

AOC Irancy-Pinot Noir and Cesar from Yonne

In the Yonne the following villages may append their name to Burgundy:

Chitry

Cote Saint-Jacques

Cotes d’Auxerre

Coulanges-la-Vineuse

Epineuil

Vezelay- white only

 

                      …

 

 

Cote de Nuits

 

  1. Marsannay
  2. Fixin

1er Cru’s=la Perriere, clos du chapite, le meix bas

  1. Gevrey Chambertin       producers=Esmonin, Rousseau, Roty

Chambertin

Charmes Chambertin

Chapelle Chambertin

Chambertin Clos. De Beze

Griottes Chambertin (smallest)

Mazis Chambertin

Mazoyeres Chambertin

Latricieres Chambertin

Rouchottes Chambertin

1er Cru’s

Etournelles, Estournelles, Lavaux st. Jacques, Cazetiers, Aux Combottes, Clos Prieur

Lieux Dits

Champs Chenys, Vignes Belles, en motrot, au velle, en champs,

  1. Morey St Denis producers=Dujac, Lignier, Magnien

Clos St Denis

Clos de la Roche

Clos de Tart

Clos de Lambray

Bonnes Mares (in part)

1er Cru’s

Monts Luisants, les chaffots, les gruenchers, clos des ormes, cote rotie

Lieux Dits

Clos salon, les porroux, larrey froid, bas chenevery

  1. Chambolle Musigny   Producers=Groffier, Perrot-Minot, Roumier, Vog

Bonnes Mares

Musigny

1er Cru’s

Les sentiers, Amoureuses, les hauts doix, la combe d’orveau, les fuees, aux beaux

Lieux Dits

Les fremieres, clos de l’orme, les argillieres, les clos, les pas de chat

  1. Vogeout

producers=Bertanga, Mongeard-Mugneret, Meo Camuzet

Clos de Vougeot

1er Cru (4 only)

Les Cras, La vigne Blanche, Les Petits Vougeots, Clos de la Perriere

  1. Vosne Romaneeproducers=Anne Gros, Rouget, Lamarche, Hudelot-Noellat, DRC

Richebourg

Romanee St Vivant

Romanee Conti

La Romanee

La Tache ( Gaudichaut can be called La Tache)

La Grand Rue

1er Cru’s

beaux monts, en orveaux, au brulees, suchots, croi Rameau, cros parantoux

Lieux Dits

Aux reas, la croix blanche, combe brulees, les violets

  1. Flagey Echezaux

Grands Echezaux

Echezaux

  1. Nuits St Georges producers=Domaine de l’Arlot, Chevillion, Henri Gouges,

1er Cru’s

Champs Perdrix

Les damodes

Aux boudots

Aux bousselots

Les saint-georges

Les cailles

Les perrieres

Les vaucrains

Clos arlot

Les forets

Les argillieres

Lieux Dits

Les brulees, les vallerots, aux athees, la charmotte, au bas de combe

 

Cotes du Nuits Villages:

Brochon

Comblanchien

Fixin

Corgoloin

Premeaux Priessy

 

Name 2 cuvees of the Hospice de Beaune?

                        Madeline Corgoloin, George Kritter

 

 

 

Cote de Beaune

v Hospice de Beaune founded in 1443, Auction 3rd Sunday in November

v Trois Glorieuses=dinner @ Vougeot, Auction, Paulee

v La Confrerie des Chevalier du Tastevin was founded in 1933

Ladoix Serrigny

 Le Corton

Charlemagne

Aloxe Corton

Le Corton- Corton Vineyards= pougets, renards, clos du roi, bressands, perriers

 

Pernand Verglesses

Charlemagne

 Corton Charlemagne

Savigny Les Beaune

 1er Cru’s

 Les Verglesses, Basses, Verglesses, Narbantons, Beaumonts

Chorey-Les-Beaune

Beaune

         1er Cru’s

            Les Sizies, clos de Mouches, Les Aigrots, Clos du Roi, Les Greves,

            Les Cents Vignes, Les Bressands, Les Teurons

Pommard   Domaine Courcel, de Montille, Gaunoux

            1er Cru’s

            grands epinots, rugiens, jarolieres, pezerilles

VolnayMarquis D’Angerville, Pousse d’Or, Boillot

1er Cru’s

            Clos des Ducs, Cailleret, Bousse d’Or, Campans, Taille Pieds, Mitans, clos des chenes

Meursault Lafon, Coche Dury, Pierre Morey, Roulot

1er Cru’s

Les Cras, Charmes, Perrieres, Genevieres, Poruzot, Gouttes d’Or, La Piece Sous le Bois

Lieux Dits

Meix Chavaux, Tesson, Tillets, Narvaux, en la Barre, Clos de la Barre, en l’Ormeau, le limozin, Casses Tetes

(CLOS DE PERRIER, CLOS RICHEMONT CLOS DE LA BARRE MONOPOLE)

Monthelie

         1er Cru’s

            Le Cas Rougeot, Les Duresses, La Taupine

Auxey-Duresses home to the tonnelerie Francois Freres

Saint-Romain

Puligny Montrachet Domaine Leflaive, Carillon, Pernot, Etienne Sauzet

Chevalier

 Bienvenues

Montrachet

Batard

1er Cru’s

Champ Canet, Clos de la Garenne, La Truffiere, Champ Gain, Folatieres, Pucelles, Clavaillo, Combettes, Referts

Lieux Dits

Enseignieres, Boudrieres, les charmes

Chassagne Montrachet Chat. De la Maltroye, Bachelet-Ramonet, JM Morey, Ramonet

Montrachet

 Batard

 Criots

1er Cru’s

Cailleret, Chaumees, Vergers, Chenevottes, La Romanee, Morgeot, Boudriotte

Lieux Dits

En l’ormeau, Les Chaumes, Les Chenes, Blanchot Dessous (next to criots)

Saint-Aubin

         Dents de Chien, En Remilly, Es champs

Santenay

Maranges (Cheilly, Sampigny, Dezize)

 

 

 

  • Cote Chalonnaise (brMGM)

1.   Bouzeron (aligote)

2.   Rully      Lots of Cremant

3.   Mercurey

4.   Givry

5.    Montagny (all premier cru)   White only

 

  • Cote Maconnais

1.   Pouilly Fuisse Pouilly, Fuisse, Chaintre, Solutre, Vergissons

2.   St Veran

3.   Pouilly Loche

4.   Pouilly Vinzelles

5.    Vire Clesse

 (42 villages: Macon-Ige, Lugny, Vinzelles, Clesse but is now Vire Clesse…)

 

 

 

 

 

  • Beaujolais

 

  1. St Amour sometimes
  2. JulienasJapanese
  3. ChenasCanadians
  4. Moulin a Ventmarry
  5. FleurieFrench
  6. ChiroublesCanadians
  7. Morgonmaking
  8. Reignereally
  9. Brouillybeautiful
  10. Cote de Brouillychildren

 

Beajolais Blanc is often sold under St Veran and is CH.

 

Beaujolais vintages

03,96,94,92,90,89,85,83,78,76,61,59,57,49,45,29

 

 

 

 

 

 

ALSACE

 

AOC in 1962         

Grand Cru Classification was done 1983.

Cremant AC in 1976- no Gewurtz. Or Chasselas 2,666 liters/4000kg allowed from the press

Min 8,5% ALC

Colmar is business centre.

Co-ops and negociants important

Bas Rhin and Haut Rhin and Vosges Mts

Noble grapes are Gew, Muscat, PG and Riesling (Sylvaner ok in Zotzenberg)

 

Min 11% alc. ForRiesling and Muscat   12.5% PG and Gewurzt

 

Max yield

55-66 hl/ha in Grand Cru

80 hl/ha in Alsace generaly

  •  
  • SOME GRAND CRUS
  • Brand in Turkheim
  • Goldert in Gueberschwihr
  • Hengst in Wintzenheim
  • Kessler in Geubwiller
  • Kirchberg de Barr in Barr
  • Kirchberg de Ribeauville in Ribeauville
  • Rangen in Than and Vieux Thann
  • Rosacker-Clos St Hune in Hunawihr
  • Zotzenberg in Mittelbergheim

 

 

51st Grand Cru=Kaeferkopf

grand cru that allows for blends=Altenberg de Bergheim

  •  

VT and SGN was passed in 1984

VT    235g for Riesling and Muscat 257g for PG and Gewurzt

 

SGN   276g fro Riesling and Muscat         306g for PG and Gewurzt

 

Klevener de Heiligenstein-from savagnin rose

Gutedel is Chasselas                 

Edelzwicker-blend  

VDQS of Alsace Lorraine=

Vin de Moselle-VDQS Pinot Meuunier, Min 30% Gamay, Pinot Noir

Cotes de Toul-AOC Aligote, Pinot Meunier and Pinot Noir

 

Vintages:01,97,96,95,94,90,89,88,85,83,75,71,69,61,59,53,49,45,37,21

 

 

Loire Valley

 

Maceration Pelliculaire is used to extract more flavor in whites (cold soak)

1)   Central Vineyards-

1)   Pouilly sur Loire (chasselas and SB)

2)   Sancerre (SB for wht. Pinot for rouge and rose)

3)   Menetou Salon

4)   Reuilly

5)   Quincy (white only from SB)

6)   Pouilly Fume (white only)

7)   Cotes du Gien/cotes du gien sur loire

8)   Vins de l’Orleanais VDQS (pn,pg,chard)

 

Sancerre soils

SANCERRE TERRE BLANCHE-KIMMERIDGIEN

SANCERRE SILEX-FLINT

SANCERRE CAILLOTTE-LIMESTONE

 

2)   Touraine-

1)   Bourgeuil/ st. Nicholas de Bourgueil (red,rose only CF,CS)

2)   Cheverny

3)   Chinon

4)   Coeur Cheverny (made from Romorantin grape)

5)   Coteux du Loir(r/w/ro-  pineau d’Aunis here)

6)   COTEAUX VENDOMOIS

7)   Jasnieres

8)   Montlouis Sur Loire (white only from chenin)

9)   Montlouis0sur-loire mousseaux and petillant

10)         Touraine

11)                     Touraine Amboise

12)                     Touraine Azay-le-Rideau (white and rose only)

13)                     Touraine Mesland

14)                     Touraine Noble-Joue (rose only)

15)         Valencay

16)         Vouvray (tufa subsoil)

 

Ø  Jasnieres and Coteaux de Loir- Chenin for both,        CDL=CF, Gamay, Cot and Pinot d’Aunis, rose from Grolleau

Ø  CF in Chinon is called Breton

Ø  Styles: sec, demi sec, doux, still, peitllant, mousseaux, molleux

 

3)   Anjou-Saumur-

1)   Anjou

2)         Anjou Coteau de la Loire (white only from Chenin)

3)         Anjou Gamay (red only)

4)         Anjou Villages/ Anjou Villages Brissac (red only from CF, CS)

5)   Bonnezeaux- sweet white

6)   Cabernet d’Anjou/Cabernet de Samur (rose only, CS/CF)

7)   Chaume- sweet white- may or may not be 1er cru…

8)   Coteaux du Layon

9)   Saumur

10)        Saumur-Champigny-reds from CS, CF and Pinot D’Aunis

11)  Coteaux de Samur/Samur d’Origine (sparkling only from chenin)

12)        Savennieres (Coulee de Serrant and Roche aux Moines are Grand Crus)

 

 

a.    Quarts de Chaume and Bonnezeaux are 2 separate appellations of Coteaux de Layon.

b.   Coteaux du LayonVillages are

                                              i.     Bealieu sur layon

                                             ii.     Rochefort sur Loire

                                           iii.     Faye d’Anjou

                                           iv.     St Aubin de Luigné

                                            v.     St Lambert du Lattay

                                           vi.     Rablay

 

Chaumee-no longer a Premier Cru min sugar of 238 grms.per liter compared to 221 in Sauternes

 

 

 

4)   Nantais-

a.     Muscadet

b.      M Sevre et Maine

c.      M Sur Lie-

                                               i.     matured on leese

                                             ii.     bottled off the leese

                                            iii.     not before 3rd week in march

d.     M Coteau de la Loire

e.     M Cotes de Grand Lieu

 

                                               i.     VDQS Gros Plant du Nantais is from Folle Blance (aka Picpoul)

                                              ii.     VDQS Coteaux D’Ancenis is Gamay and Chenin. Some sweet wine from Malvoisie.

                                             iii.     VDQS-Fiefs Vendeens-reds gamay and CF, wh chenin and sb, some rose.

                                            iv.     Haut-Poitou VDQS

 

 

 

 

Sattlite vineyards of the Loire:

Cote Roannaise-Gamay

Cotes de Forez-Gamay- red and rose only

ST POURCAIN VDQS

COTE D’AUVERGNE VDQS

 

Chateaumeillant VDQS

Orleans AOC

Orleans-Clery AOC

 

 

 

Champagne

 

5 Districts and their Grand Crus

  1. Montagne de Reims pinot noir
    1. Puisieux
    2. Sillery
    3. Beaumont-Sur-Vesle
    4. Ambonnay
    5. Bouzy
    6. Mailly-Champagne
    7. Louvois
    8. Versenay
    9. Verzy
  2. Valle de la Marne pinot noir and Pinot Neunier
    1. Ay-Champagne
    2. Tours-sur-Marne
  3. Cotes Blancs Pinot Meunier
    1. Chouilly
    2. Oiry
    3. Cramant
    4. Avize
    5. Oger
    6. le Mesnil-sur-Oger
  4. Cote de Sezanne Chardonnay

5.     Aube Pinot Noir- best village= Riceys

 

 

Some Premiere Crus:

 

Sacy

Billy le Grand

Rilly la Montagne

Dizy

Pargny les Reims

Jouy les Reims

Chigny les Roses

Ecueil

Cuis

 

 

GC 100%              PC 90-99%            2nd C 80-89%

Press is 2550l/4000kg

1st press= cuvee (2,050 liters), 2nd=taille (500 liters)

CM-cooperative manipulant

NM-negociant manipulant (sold under name of house who made it)

RM-recoltant manipulant (grower champagne)

RC-recoltant cooperateur (grower selling champ made by cooperative)
MA-Marque Acheteur

SR-Societe Recoltants

 

Liquer de tirage-starts secondary fermentation (liquid sugar, yeast, tannin and fining)

15 mos for NV 36 mos for vintage                

Remuage=riddling

Dosage=liqueur de expedition

Osiers= sorting trays in Champagne

Pressoir coquard= vergical champagne press

Coteaux Champenoise AOC-still wine in Champagne

Rose de Ricey AOC-rose still wine from Aube.   Bouzy Rouge-still red wine.

 

Champagne Vintages:

96,95,90,88,85,83,82,81,79,76,75,73,71,64,59,47,45,28,21,14

 

Magnum=2 michael

Jerobaum=4 jackson

Rehobaum=6 realy

Methusaleh=8 makes

Salamanzar=12 small

Balthazar=16 boys

Nebuchadnezzar=20 nervous

 

 

 

What is a Tappet-hen?

                        A bottle size containing 3 standard bottles (Mary-Jean)

 

 

 

WHAT IS THE AVERAGE PRESSURE IN A CHAMPAGNE BOTTLE?

            6 atmospheres of pressure

 

WHAT IS THE BEST SOIL TYPE FOR CHAMPAGNE?

            Belamite Chalk.

 

 

The wine law of 1993 in Champagne, what was the weight of grapes for 100 litres of juice?

                        160 kg

 

What is Echelle des Crus?

                        It is the system of classifying villages on a % basis in Champagne.  It is used to determine the value of grapes grown in that village.

 

 

 

 

Prestige Cuvees

 

Ayala

Billecart-Salmon

Bollinger…………………Ville Vigne Francais

Gaston Chiquet

Comte Audoin de Dampierre

Delamotte…………………Nicolas Louis Delamotte (Salon)

Deutz…………………Amour de Duetz

Drappier

Feuillatte…………………Palmes d’Or

Gosset…………………Grand Millesieme

Charles Heidsieck…………………

Henriot…………………Cuvee des Enchanteluers

Jacquesson…………………

Lanson…………………

Laurent Perrier…………………Grand Siecle

Moet & Chandon…………………Dom P

G.H.Mumm…………………

Bruno Paillard…………………NPU

Joseph Perrier…………………Cuvee Josephine

Perrier-Jouet…………………Belle Eopque

Philipponnat…………………Clos des Goisses

Piper-Heidsieck…………………Cuvee Rare

Ployez-Jacquemart

Pol Roger…………………Cuvee Winston Churchill

Pommery…………………Cuvee Louise

Louis Roederer…………………Cristal

Ruinart…………………Dom Ruinart

Jacques Selosse…………………

Tattinger…………………Comte Champagne

Union Champagne…………………Cuvee Orpale

De Venoge…………………Cuvee des Princes

Veuve Cliquot…………………Grand Dame

Vilmart…………………

 

Rhone

 

North

 

Cote-Rotie-up to 20% Viognier with Syrah

CH Grillet/Condrieu-Viognier

Hermitage/Crozes-Hernitage-up to 15% Marsanne/Rousanne

St Joseph-up to 10% marsanne and rousanne

Cornas-100% syrah

Coteaux de Die- still white from Clairette

Cremant de Die- 100% clairette spark

Clairette de Die Methode Dioise Ancestrale- finishes fermentation in bottle- no 2nd fermentation- disgorged with min of 35 g. RS per liter- 75% Muscat min

ST Peray white wine only-marsanne rousanne

St. Peray Mousseaux sparkling

 

 

Sirine=Syrah Mutation

Transvasage-sparkling wine filtered into a fresh bottle (clairette de Die)

 

 

South

 

Ø  Muscat Beumes de Venise and Rasteau are famous VDN

Ø  Rastau Rancio=vdn from Grenache stored in oak casks exposed to sunlight for two years

Ø  Brezeme Cotes du Rhone- anomalous village that is allowed to put its name before cotes du rhone- red and white- mostly Texier

Ø  Chateauneuf du Pape

Ø  Gigondas- red/rose only- max 80% grenache

Ø  Vacqueyras- R/Ro/W- 50% Grenache min

Ø  Beaumes-de-Venise- elevated for reds too

Ø  Vinsobres- elevated for reds

Ø  Coteaux du Tricastin in Southern Rhone, produce decent reds, some wh and rose.

Ø  Cotes de Luberon is the same

Ø  Coteaux de Pierrevert- RWRo-

Ø  Cotes du Vivarais- RWRo-across the river from Coteau du Tricastin-90% min Grenache and Syrah- (syrah min 40% and Gren min 30%) cinsault and carignan ok White- Clairette, Grenache, Marsanne 75%max for any one

Ø  Tavel- Rose only aoc- Grenache, Cinsault, Clairette, Picpoul, Calitor, Bourboulen, Mourvedre, Syrah- none of which may account for more than 60%- max 10%carignan

 

 

18 Cotes du Rhone Villages

 

 

Provence:

Cairanne

Plan de Deiu

Rasteau

Roaix

Sablet

Seguret

Massif d’Uchaux

Valreas

Visan

 

Drome:

Puymeras

Rochegude

Rousset-les-Vignes

St. Maurice-sur-Eygues

St. Pantaleon

 

Gard:

Chusclan

Laudun

St. Gervais

Signargues

 

 

 

Grapes in CDP-

 

Grenache

Syrah

Mourvedre

Roussanne

Cinsault

Counoise

Clairette

Bourboulenc

Mourvedre

Picopul

Picardin

Terret Noir

Vaccarese

 

Girl

Scouts

Make

Rockin

Chocolate

Chip

Cookies

But

Many

Play

Pretty

Terrible

Volleyball

 

 

 

 

 

 

Languedoc/Roussilon

 

Banyuls/Banyuls Grand Cru- 50% Grenache and 75% for GC and 30 mos in oak. Dry wines under Collieure

 

Corbieres-primarily Carignan

 

Costieres de Nimes-red, rose and wh

 

Rivesaltes-VDN area. Grenache based. Muscat de Rivesaltes-wh or rose

 

Maury-VDN’s from Grenache

 

Madiran-tannat, cs and cf “the black wines of Madiran”

 

Minervois-grenache, syrah and mourvedre   

 

Fitou-carignan and Grenache

 

Blanquette de Limoux/Cremant de Limoux-90% mauzac min and 70% max…

NAME 4 DIFFERENT REGIONAL VINE DE PAYS WITHIN THE LANGUEDOC/ROUSILLON.

            Aube, Gard, Pyraneese Orietal, Herault

 

 

 

Provence-

Cotes de Provence

Coteaux aix en Provence

 

Coteaux Varois-red/ro-GSM = Cinsault, Carignan, Cab

White- min 30% Vermentino = Clairette, G Blanc, Semillon, max 25%Ugni

 

Bellet- Ch Simone- red/rose-Braquet, Fuella, Cinsault

         White- Rolle, Ugni Blanc, Mayorquin

 

Cassis-R/Ro=G, M, Cin, Car., Barbaroux  

W=Ugni, SB, Clairette, Marsanne, Pascal Blanc, Doucillon

 

Bandol-R/ro 50% Mourvedre + Grenache, Cinsault 15%max syrah, carignan   (Tempier, Pibarnon, Vannieres) 18 mos in oak

W/ Min 20%Clairette +bourboulenc & Ugni

 

Les Baux de Provence- R/Ro- min 60% GSM (no more than 90% of blend) +car, cin, coun, cab

 

Palette-r/romourvedre, grenache, cinsault + teoulier, durif,

White- min 50% min Clairette + Picardan, ugni Blanc

 

 

Corsica-

 

Ajaccio- R/Ro-Barbarossa Nielluccio, Vermentino, Sciacarello

           W-Ugni Blanc

 

Patrimonio-

Red/Rose75% Niellucio plus Grenache, Sciacarello, Vermentino

White- 100% Vermentino

 

Muscat du Cap Corse- Muscat a Petites Grains

 

Vin de Corse- R/roGrnache, Niellucio, Sciacarello,  W/ Vermentino +Ugni

Vin de Corse Calvi

Vin de Corse Coteaux du Cap Corse

Vin de Corse Figari

Vin de Corse Porto Vecchio

Vin de Corse Sartene
 

 

Bearn- r/ro- max 60%tannat + CF, CS, Fer, Manseng Noir, Courbu Noir

         w-P Manseng, Gros Manseng, Corbu, Lauzet, Camaralet, Raffiat, SB

 

 

Buzet-nothern edge of Armagnac- - r/ro/w bord grapes- no p. verdot

 

Cahors-min 70% malbec w merlot and tannat.

 

Jurancon-Gros Manseng and Petite Manseng. Jurancon Sec. VT and Molleaux.

 

Cotes de Bergerac- same as Bergerac but 1 degree alch less

 

Coteaux du Quercy VDQS- R/Ro- CS,CF,Merlot, Malbec, Fer, Merille

 

Cotes du Brulhois VDQS- R/Ro- CF,CS,Fer,Merlot,Malbec, Tannat

 

Cotes de Duras- R/Ro/W- CS,CF,M,M…..SB,S,Muscadelle, Mauzac, Chenin, Ondenc +25% Ugni max

Cotes du Frontonnais- R/Ro- 50-7% Negrette + 25%max Malbec, Merille, Fer, Syray, CF,CS 15%max gamay, cinsault, mauzac

 

Cotes du Marmantais- R/Ro= 75%max CF, CS, M + 50% max Abouriou, Malbec, Fer, Gamay, Syrah   W= 70% SB + Ugni/Simillon

 

Cotes de Millau VDQS-R- Vin primeur is a specialty- gamay, syrah +

W-chenin,mauzac

 

Cotes de Saint-Mont VDQS- Co-op wines- R,W,Ro- Tannat + CF,CS W- Arrufiac, Clairette, Corbu

 

Gaillac- R/Ro-60% Duras, Fer, Gamay, SyrahW- Len de l’El,

SB = Mauzac, Muscadelle, Ondenc, Semillon

 

Gaillac Doux- min 70 gpl rs…. Len de l’El, SB, = Mauzac, Muscadelle, Ondenc, Semillon, Mauzac Rose

Gaillac Mousseaux- White and Rose same as Gaillac grapes

Gaillac Mousseaux Methode Gaillacoise- single fermentation in the bottle-

Gailac Premieres Cotes- dry whites only

 

Irouleguy- mostly cooperative Basque wines-

R= tannat + minimum 50% CS & CF

W= Corbu, Manseng

 

Jurancon-White only- sec, demi sec, moelleux-  Petit Manseng, Gros Manseng, Courbu, = 15% max Camaralet, Lauzet

 

Madiran red only 40% Tannat min + Cab Franc, Cab Sauv, Fer

 

Marcillac- red/rose- 90% fer + Cab Franc, Cab Sauv, merlot

 

Pacherenc du Vic-Bilh- white wine only from same area as Madiran- 30% min Arrufiac, 60% min corbu, P. Manseng = Gros Manseng, SB, Semillon

 

Vins d’Entraygues and Du Fel VDQS

Vins d’Estaing VDQS

Vins Lavilledieu VDQS

 

Bergerac -Bordeaux style wines. Regions within Bergerac include:

Ø  Pecharmant along with Bergerac- Bordeaux style reds

Ø  Cotes de Montravel- White only in Moelleux style

Ø  Haut-Montravel- white only in moelleux style

Ø  Saussignac-sweet white only

Ø  Monbazillac similar to Sauternes

Ø  Montravel-r w- Bordeaux style wines- whites must be dry-

Ø  Rosette- white wine only 8-54 g/l resid. - bord whites + chenin

 

Ø   

 

WHERE IS COTES DE BUZET & TYPE OF WINE IS PRODUCED HERE?-                         

             SW(outside Bordeaux), red (best), some white, from Bordeaux grapes.

 

WHAT AND WHERE IS THE COTES DE DURAS?

            Bordeaux satellite AC in Southwest France. R&W Bordeaux grapes.

 

 

WHAT IS PRESSAC?

                        Synonym for Malbec

 

 

 

Jura-

Savignin grape= synonym Traminer or Klevener

Chateu-Chalon,

vin jaune” or yellow wine

Savagnin grape

vats w flor 6 years,

clavelin bottle 620 ml

Vin de Paille

grapes driedon mats. (3 years in cask)

Vin Fou

         sparkling.  “crazy wine”

Arbois is main AC; red wh and rose. Some Arbois Mousseaux.

L’etolie AC. Red grapes are Trosseau and Poulsard with Pinot and Chard.

 

Savoie-wh, red and rose, some petillant. Rousette de Savoie

Crepy-chasselas

Seyssel- 1st appellationof the Savoie- sparklingand whitewine, vineyards on rhone river, Molette grape used in primary wine: Seyssel Mousseaux

Vin de Bugey-Mousseaux, Petillant, Cerdon…..

 

 

 

 

Rest of France Questions

WHERE IS TENARÈZE LOCATED?

            Armagnac

 

 

WHAT IS ST. RAPHAEL?

            French aromatized, fortified red wine, flavoured with quinine.

 

 

WHAT IS THE MEANING OF PERLANT?

            Very lightly sparkling, less than petillant.

 

Name the 6 regions of Cognac.

            Grand Champagne, Petite Champagne, Borderies, Bon Bois, Fine Bois, Bois Ordinaire

 

What the VDL's of the following:

            Cognac: Pineau des Charentes (also Vieux Pineau, same aged in oak for 5 years)

            Armagnac: Floc de Gascogne

            Champagne: Ratafia de Champagne

            Languedoc: Cartagene

            Calvados: Pommeau de Normandy

            Jura: Macvin

 

What is a synonym in France for VDL

            Mistelles

 

5 ACs of Calvados

            Calvados, Calvados Normandy, Calvados Maine, Calvados Domfrontais, Calvados Pays d'Auge

 

Rivesalts AOC is spread over which 3 other AOCs?

            Collioure, Cotes du Rousillion, and Maury

 

 

Germany

 

First law was 1971

Tafelwein                                         Ortsteil-single vinyard

Landwein 17

QBA           

QMP

1982- eiswein must have the same oschle as BA

 

VDP 2002 (Verband Deutscher Pradikatsund Qualitatsweinguter)

197 members .2% of german wine

 

Terms to know:

1. Erstes Gewachs -RHEINGAU (can be chaptalized)dry, spatlese level ripeness

2. Grosses Gewachs -All Germany-dry- minimum spatlese level of ripeness

3. Erste Lage-All Germany- sweet wines Spatlese level or sweeter

  1. Klassifizierten Lagenweine-wine from classified site
  2. Gutsweine/Ortsweine-estate house or appellation
  3. Erzeugerabfllung= estate bottled
  4. Gutsabfullung=Estate bottled by a wine maker with an oeno. degree
  5. halbtrocken (max 18g/l)
  6. trocken (max 9 g/l)
  7. classic- new in 2003
  8. Selection-new in 2003-dry
  9. Edelfaule=boytritus
  10. Fuder/stuck= names for barrels in mosel/rheingau

 

  • Kabinett 67-85˚
  • Spatlese 76-95˚
  • Auslese 83-105˚
  • Beerenauslese 110-128˚
  • Eiswein 110-128˚
  • TBA 150-154˚+++

 

AP numberAmtliche Prufungsnummer 2 607 030 07 96

Examining panel

Where bottled

Bottlers number

Number of bottling

Year wine was tested

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tafelwein Region Rhein-Mosel

 

Ahr

*ON RIVER AHR

*MAIN TOWN BAD NEUENAHR-AHRWEILER

Landwein Region: Ahrtaler

Bereich Walporzheim-Ahrtal

Soil=loess in lower, basalt and slate in upper

Grapes=spatburgunder and Portugeiser

 

 

 

        

 

 

Mosel formerly known as the Moses-Saar-Ruwer-simplified in 2005

*RIVERS MOSEL, SAAR AND RUWER WHICH LATER MEETS RHINE

*MAIN TOWN KOBLENZ AND TRIER

Landwein region:

Landwein der Mosel

Saarlandischer Landwein

Landwein der Ruwer

Soil:sandstone, shell-limestone and red marl in upper, devon slate in middle, clay slate and gray stony soil in lower

 

 

Bereich:

Bernkastel

Moseltor

Obermosel

Ruwertal (the northern half of former Saar-Ruwer)

Saar (southern half of former Saar-Ruwer)

Burg Cochem (formerly Zell)

Vineyards:

Urziger-Wurzgarten

Wehlener-Sonnenuhr

Erdener-Pralat

Piesporter-Goldtropchen

Berkastler-Doctor

Graacher-Himmelreich

Graacher-Dombprost

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nahe

*ALONG RIVER NAHE WHICH JOINS RHINE

*MAIN TOWNS BAD KREUZNACH AND SCHLOSS BOCKELHEIM

Landwein: Nahegauer

Bereich:

Nahetal

Vineyards:

Niederhausener-Herrmansholle

Niederhausener-Rosenberg

Dorsheimer-Goldloch

Schlossbockelheimer Kupfergrube

Producers:

Dönnhoff, Schäfer Fröhlich

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mittelrhein (much is used for sekt)

*ALONG RHINE, TO WHERE AHR MEETS MEETS RHINE.

*MAIN TOWN KOBLENZ

Landwein: Rheinburgen

Bereich: Loreley

Producer: Toni Jost

Vineyard: Bacharacher Hahn

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rheingau (best ORSTILE are Schloss Johannisberg & Schloss Vollrads)

RIVERS RHEIN AND MAIN

MAIN TOWN:WIESBADEN AND MAINZ

Landwein: Altrheingauer

 

Bereich:

Johannisberg

Vineyards:

Hocheimer-Holle

Hocheimer-Domdechaney

Hocheimer-Kirschenstuck

Assmanshauser-Hollenberg

Winkeler-Jesuitengarten

Kiedricher-Grafenberg

Producers:

Weil

Johannisberg

Reinhartshausen

August Kessler

 

1984 Charta was formed in Rheingau only. 50 estates emphasizing drywith the true characteristics of a Riesling of the specific vintage, and of the vineyard where the grapes were grown.

Charta Rules:

*100% own-estate production

*100% Riesling grapes

*grapes handpicked by tries

*minimum of 12% potential alcohol

*maximum prod. Of 50hl per ha.

*No Pradikat may be mentioned

 

 

 

Hessische Bergstrasse

Landwein: Starkenburger

 

Bereich:

Starkenburg

Umstadt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rheinhessen- Land of Liebfraumilch-Main grape Muller Thurgau)

*RIVER: RHEIN

*MAIN TOWNS: MAINZ AND WORMS

Landwein: Rheinischer

Bereich:

Bingen

Nierstein

Wonnegau

Vineyards:

Niersteiner-Hipping

Nackenheimer-Rothenberg

Niersteiner-Rosenberg

Niersteiner-Holle

Niersteiner-Olberg

Niersteiner-Krauzberg

Dahlsheimer-Hubacker

Producers:

Georg Albrecht

Gunderlock

Keller

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pfalz-

WEST SIDE OF RHINE

MAIN TOWN: MANNHEIM

Landwein: Pfalzer

Bereich:

Mittelhaardt-Deutsche-Weinstrasse

Südliche Weinstrasse

Vineyards:

Gimmeldinger-Mandelgarten

Haardter-Burgergarten

Haardter-Mandelring

Forster-Jesuitengarten

Forster-Pechstein

Forster-Stift

Producers:

Dr. Bassermann-Jordan

Georg Mosbacher

Müller Catoir

Bürklin-Wolf

 

 

 

 

 

Tafelwein Region : Bayern

 

Franken (Wurzburg, vineyards Stein and Leiste)

ALONG RIVER MAIN

MAIN TOWN: WURZBURG

Landwein:Frankischer, Regensburger

 

Bereich:

Maindreieck

Mainviereck

Steigerwald

Vineyards:

Randersacker-Marsberg

Wurzburger-Stein

Sommerhausen-Steinbnach

Producers:

Schloss Sommerhausen

 

Wurttemberg

Neckar Valley-  area around the Neckar River where most wine is grown

Schillerwein- rose from here made from black grapes

Landwein: Bayerischer Bodensee, Schwabischer

 

 

 

 

Tafelwein Region: Stargarder Land

 

Saale Unstrut

 (most northernly. ALONG SAALE AND UNSTRUUT)

Landwein: Mitteldeutscher

 

Sachsen

Landwein: Sachsischer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tafelwein Region: Neckar Oberrhein

 

Baden (RUNS FROM FRANKEN WHERE THEY ARE ALLOWED TO USE BOCKSBEUTELS AND DOWN TO ALSACE WHERE IT IS SEPERATED BY RHINE)

Landwein: Sudbadischer, Unterbadischer, Taubertaler

 

SEKT AND DEUTCHER SEKT ARE SPARKLING WINES. CHARMAT METHOD

Gutsabfulnung-estate bottled

Weissherbst-Pink wine ( PINOT IN BADEN)

Schillerwein-pink wine from red and white in Wurtemburg

Fuder-Mosel Barrel

Stuck-Rheingau Barrel

Edelfaule-botrytis

 

 

 

 

WHAT IS ROTLING?

            Rosé wine-Germany

 

What is Weissherbst?

                        A single varietal rose from Germany made from Pinot Noir from Baden

 

DEFINE WEINBAUGEBETE.

            Winegrowing regions for Deutscher Tafelwein

 

WHERE IS THE GERMAN INSTITUTE OF WINE?

            Geisenheim, Rheingau

 

WHAT IS THE MINIMUM % TO NAME A VARIETAL ON A GERMANWINE LABEL?

            85%.

 

WHAT IS A RÖMER USED FOR IN GERMANY?

            Traditional wineglass with an amber or green-tinted hollow stem.

 

What is the Liebfraumilch law and what does it take to qualify?

Minimum of 85% of wine must come from one of the following QbA regions:  Rheinhessen, Pfalz, Rheingau, Nahe.  The region must be stated on the label.  Min. RS is 18 g/l.  Although any grape qualifying for QbA may be used, at least 51% of the blend must be the following:  Riesling, Sylvaner, M-T or Kerner

 

 

 

 

Italy

 

DOC Lawstarted in 1963

 

Vio da Tavola

IGT (since 1992- Also known as Gorias Law or Law 164- created a buffer between DOC and Table wine)

DOC

DOCG (since 1984)

 

PIEMONTE

Best wines from Nebbiolo, called Spanna.

 

  1. Asti
  2. Brachetto d’Acqui (Acqui) DOCG
  3. ROERO ROSSO DOCG
  4. ROERO ARNEIS DOCG
  5. DOLCETTO D’DOGLIANI DOCG
  6. Barolo DOCG
    1. Barolo
    2. Monforte d’Alba
    3. Castiglione de Faletto
    4. Serralunga d’Alba
    5. La Morra (big men can shit logs)
  7. Barolo CHINATO DOCG (aromatized with quinine)
  8. Barbaresco DOCG
    1. Nieve
    2. Trieso
    3. Barbaresco
    4. Alba
  9. Gattinara DOCG
  10. Cortese di Gavi DOCG
  11. Ghemme DOCG

 

 

 

Albugnano

Alta Langa

Barbera d’Alba

Barbera d’Asti

Barbera del Monferrato

Boca

Bramaterra

Canavese

Carema

Cisterna d’Asti

Colli Tortonesi

Colina Torinese

Colline Novaresi

Colline Saluzzesi

Coste della Sesia

Dolcetto d’Acqui

Dolcetto d’Alba

Dolcetto d’Asti

Dolcetto Delle Langhe Monregalesi

Dolcetto Di diano d’Alba

Dolcetto Di Ovada

Erbaluce

Fara

Freisa d’Asti

Freisa di Chieri

Gabiano

Grignolino d’Asti

Grignolino del Monferrato Casalese

Lange

Lessona

Loazzolo

Malvasia di Carsorzo d’Asti

Monferrato

Pinerolese

Rubino di Cantavenna

Ruche di Castagnole Monferrato

Sizzano

Valsusa

Verduno Pelavarga

 

 

 

To be labled standard Barbaresco DOCG how long must it be aged in oak?

            2 years

What is Spanna?

            another name for Nebbiolo in Piedmont 9Gattinara, Ghemme)

 

WHAT IS VESPOLINA?

            Red grape from Piemonte

Where is Fara?

                        Novara Hill of Piedmont, Italy

 

What grape is making a comeback in Piedmont?

                        Favorita

 

 

 

Lombardy

 

  1. Franciacorta DOCG (25mos and 37 for vintage)

Metodo Classico/Talento

  1. Valtellina Superiore DOCG- Chiavenesca= local name for nebbiolo
    1. Inferno hottest, rockiest part of the valley
    2. Grumello lightest
    3. Sassella Best
    4. Valgella most productive, least interesting
    5. Moragia- new!
    6. Stago Fassili new!
  2. Sfursat de Valtellina DOCG

 

 

Botticino

Capriano del Colle

Cellatica

Garda

Lambrusco Mantovano

Lugana

Oltrepo Pavese

Riviera del Garda

San Colombano al Lambro

San Martino della Battaglia

Scanzo

Valcalepio

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liguria

 

 

Cinque Terre

Sciacchetra (passito)

Riviera Ligure di Ponente

Possese di Dolceacqua

Val Polcevera

Pomassio

Albenga

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Valle d’Aosta

DOCs

Ø  Chambave

Ø  Nus

Ø  Torette

Ø  Donnaz (nebbiolo based)

Ø  Enfer d’Arvier

Ø  Arnad-Montjovat

Ø  Morgex et La Salle

 

 

Grapes

Red

Fumin

Gamay

Nebbiolo

Petit Rouge

Premetta

 

White

Chardonnay

Muller-Thurgau

Petit Arvine

Pinot Gris

Bianco de Pinot Nero

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trentino Alto Adige

 

Schiava

 

 

Bolzano

 

Meranese

Santa Maddelena

Ternano

Valle Isarco

Valle Venosta

Lago di Caldero

Valdadige

 

Trentino

 

Casteller

Teroldego

Trentino

Trento

Lago di Caldero

Valdagide

 

 

 

 

 

 

Veneto

 

  1. Bardolino Superiore DOCG
  2. Soave Superiore DOCG
  3. Recioto di Soave DOCG

 

Valpolicella and Amarone are made from Corvina, Molinara and Rondinella

 

 

Arcole

Bagnoli di Sopra

Bardolino

Bianco di Custoza

Breganze

Colli Berci

Colli di Conegliano

Colli Euganei

Corti Benedettine

Gambellara

Garda

Lison Pramaggiore

Lugana

Merlara

Montello e Colli Asolani

Monti Lessini

Piave

Prosecco

Piviera del Brenta

San Martino dilla Battaglia

Soave

Valdadige

Valpolicella

Vicena

Vin Santo di Gambellara

 

 

Where is Gambellara?

                        Veneto next to Soave

 

WHAT IS TORCOLATO?                                   

Method of making dried grape wine by twisting the vine to cut off the sap and shrivel the grapes, also the name of a Vespaiolo-based dessert wine from Maculan in the Veneto.

 

 

Friuli

 

1.   Ramandolo DOCG-Verduzzo grape

  1. Colli Orientali del Friuli Picolit (passito)
  2. Colli Orientali del Friuli Picolit-Cialla (passito)
  3.  

 (Tocai, Ribolla, Malvasia, Riesling, Cab Merlot)

 

 

 

Colli Orientale

Colli Goriziano

Friuli Aquilea

Friuli Annia

Friuli Isonzo

Friuli-Grave

Friuli Latisana

Carso

Lison Pramaggiore

 

 

 

TAZZELENGHE IS:        

            Black grape variety from Friuli-Venezia Giulia (Tazzalingua-A sharpness on the tongue.)

 

 

 

Emilia-Romagna

 

1.Albana di Romagna DOCG-albana grape  

 

some grapes grown here: Bonarda ®, Ortugo (w), Gutturino ®,

 

Lambrusco Di Sorbara, Grasparossa di Castelvetro, Reggiano, Salamino

Colli Bolognesi

Colli di Faenza

Colli di Imola

Colli di Parma

Colli di Rimini

Colli di Scandiano

Colli Piacentini

Reno

Tuscany

 

1.             Brunello di Montalcino DOCG   4 two in oak, 5 two half in oak- DOC w/in is called Rosso di Montalcino

2.             Carmignano DOCG DOC w/in is Barco Reale di Carmignano

3.            Chianti DOCG(soil in Chianti is Galestro)

4.            Chianti Classico DOCG

    1. Montalbano
    2. Rufina
    3. Colli Pisane
    4. Colli Fiorentini
    5. Colli Aretini
    6. Colli Senesi
    7. Montesportoli “Mr FASP goes to Montesportoli”

5.            Vernaccia di San Gimigano DOCG

6.             Vino Nobile di Montepulciano DOCG

7.             Morellino di Scansano

 

 

Ansonica Costa dell’Argentario

Barco Reale di Carmignano

Biaanco della Valdinievola

Bianco dell’Empolese

Bianco di Pitiglano

Bianco Pisano di San Torpe

Bianco Vergine della Valdichiana

Bolgheri

Bolgheri Sassicaia

Candia dei Colli Apuani

Capalbio

Colli dell’Etruia

Colli Di Luni

Colline Lucchisi

Cortona

Elba

Montecarlo

Montecucco

Monteregio

Montescudaio

Moscadello di Montalcino

Orcia

Parrina

Pomino

San Gimignano

Sant’Antimo

Sovana

Val d’Arbia

Val di Cornia

Vin Santo del Chianti

Vin Santo del Montepulciano

 

 

How do the soils of Montalcino change with the altitude?

The base slopes are a clay marl and asyou go up the clay becomes substituted for limestone and finally volcanic stone.

 

What are the general characteristic of the wines found in each of Brunello’s sub-districts?

-Northeast of Montalcino, the wines are noted for their elegance: Altesino, Constanti

-Southeast of Montalcino, the wines are noted for their balance and intensity – Bondi, Santi, Colombini

-Southwest of Montalcino, the wines produced are robust, rustic and powerful – Il Casello, Il Poggione

 

Who was responsible for making the first Brunello wine, what made it unique and when was the first one made?

                        Ferruccio Biondi Santi singled out the Sangiovese Grosso clone and made a 100% varietal wine in 1870.

 

Explain the Governo process.

                        Traditionally practiced in Chianti.  It is the process of adding unfermented juice from dried grapes into young wines which have just finished fermentation.  It was used to encourage ML in high acid wines like Chianti.  The side effects are slightly higher alcohol and a slight spritz in the finished wine.

 

 

 

Umbria

 

  1. Montefalco Sagrantino DOCG(sagrantino)  30 months, one in wood
  2. Torgiano Riserva DOCG(similar grapes to Chianti)  3 years

 

Orvieto DOC-min 50% trebbiano with verdello and grechetto in flask called “Pulcianella”

 

 

Assisi

Colli Altotiberini

Colli Amerini

Colli del trasimeno

Colli Martani

Lago di Corbara

Montefalco

Orvieto

Rosso Orvietano

Torgiano

 

 

Latium/Lazio

 

Aleatico di Gradoli

Aprilia

Atina

Bianco Capena

Casteli Romani

Cervetri

Cesanese del Piglio

Circeo

Colli albani

Colli Etruschi Viterbesi

Colli Lanuvini

Cori

Est! Est!! Est!!! di Montefiascone

Frascati

Genazzano

Marino

Montecompatri Colonna

Nettuno

Orvieto

Tarquinia

Velletri

Viganello

Zagarolo

 

Trebbiano/Malvasia

 

 

 

Marches

 

  1. Conero DOCG-Montepulciano
  2. Vernaccia di Serrepetrona DOCG-semi/sweet sparkling reds

 

 

Bianchello del Metauro

Colli Maceratesi

Colli Pesaresi

Esino

Falerio

Lacrima di Morro d’Alba

Offida

Rosso Conero

Rosso Piceno

Verdicchio dei Castelli di Jesi

Verdicchio di Matelica

 

 

 

Abruzzo

 

Montepulciano di Abruzzi Colline Teramane DOCG

 

Trebbiano d’Abruzzi is made from Bombino

Controguerra

 

 

Molise

Pentro

Biferno

Molise

 

Campania

 

  1. Taurasi DOCG
  2. Fiano de Avelino DOCG
  3. Greco di Tufo DOCG

 

 

Aglianico del Taburno

Aversa Asprinio

Campi Flegrei

Capri

Castel San Lorenzo

Cielento

Costa d’Amalfi

Falerno del Massico

Galluccio

Guardiolo

Ischia

Pensola Sorrentina

Lannio

Sant’Agata de’Goti

Solopaca

Taburno

Volpe

Vesuvio

 

 

 

Apulia

 

 

Aleatico di Puglia

Alezio

Brindisi

Cacc’e mmitte di Lucera

Castel del Monte

Copertino

Galatina

Gioa del Colle

Gravina

Leverano

Lizzano

Locorotondo

Martina

Matino

Moscato di Trani

Nardo

Orta Nova

Ostuni

Primitivo

Rosso Barletta

Rosso canosa

Rosso di Cerignola

Salice Salentino

San Severo

Squinzano

 

 

 

 

What is Il Falcone?

            Il Falcone is the proprietary name of an Apulian wine from the D.O.C. Castell del Monte based on the ancient varietal Uva di Troia.

 

 

 

Basilicata

 

Aglianico del Vulture

Matera

Terre dell’Agri

 

Calabria

 

 

Bivongi

Ciro

Donnici

Lamezia

Melissa

Pollino

San Vito di Luzzi

Sant’Anna di Isola Capo Rizzuto

Savuto

Scavigna

Verbicaro

 

 

Sicily

 

1.Cerasuolo di Vittorio DOCG-Calabrese

 

Marsala Fine 1, Superiore 2, Superiore Riserva 4, Vergine 5 Stravecchio Vergine 10

Sweetness: Seco, semi seco, dolce

Color: Oro, Ambro, Rubino

 

 

Alcamo

Contea di Sclafani

Contessa Entellina

Delia Nivolelli Nero d’Avola

Eloro

Enrice

Etna

Faro

Malvasia delle Lipari

Mamertino di Millazzo

Marsala

Menfi

Monreale

Moscato di Noto Naturale

Moscato di Milazzo

Moscato di Siracusa

Riesi

Salaparuta

Sambuca di Sicilia

Santa Margherita di Belice

Sciacca

 

 

WHAT IS COTTO?

            Cooked grape must used to sweeten Marsala.

 

WHAT IS SIFONE?

            Sweet wine muted by additional alcohol used to sweeten Marsala.

 

 

Sardinia

1.Vermentino di Gallura DOCG

 

 

Alghero

Arborea

Campidano di Terralba

Cannonau di Sardegna

Carignano del Sulcis

Giro di Calglari

Malvasia di Bosa

Malvasia di Calgari

Mandrolisai

Monica di Caliari

Monica di Sardegna

Moscato di Caliari

Moscaot di Sardegna

Moscato di Sorsa Sennori

Nasco di Cagliari

Nuragus di Calgliari

Sardegna Semidano

Vermentini di Sargdegna

Vernaccia di Orstano

 

 

cannonau grape, which is related to Grenache

 

 

Spain

 

*INDO is governing body

*in addition, each region also has a Consejo Regulador

 

Vino de Mesa

Vino de la Tierra

VCIG-Vinos de Calidad Con Incicacion Geografica

DO (1933, 1970, 2003)

DOCa (Rioja and Priorat) Cava pending

Vinos de Pagos (Finca ELEZ and Dominio de Valdepusa, from Marques de Grigno) SINGLE ESTATE WINES

 

Joven-no cask ageing

Crianza-2 years, 6MOS IN OAK

Reserva-3 years 1 in oak

Gran Reserva-5 years and 18 months in oak

NOBLE 12 MOS      ANEJO 24 MOS      VIEJO 36 MOS

 

 

 

 

 

GALICIA-

Rias Baixas- (mostly albarino, loureiro, treixadura)

condado de tea

orosal

val do salnes

 ribera del ulla

sotomayor

  • Ribeiro-similar to Vino Verde (albarino)
  • Ribeira Sacra-Palomino and Albarino    Red from Mencia
  • Valdeorras-wh from Godello
  • Val do Monterrei

 

 

 

CASTILLA Y LEON

  • Ribera del Duero-Tinto de Pais (Pesquera, Vega)
  • Rueda-Verdejo (dry white that can be fortified or sparkling by law as well) Red is new.
  • Bierzo-Menzia
  • Cigales-Tinto de pais
  • Toro-Tinta de Toro 75% (Bodegas farina)
  •  

 

 

 

 

RIOJA-(tempranillo, Garnacha, Graziano, Mazuelo, Viura)

    1. Rioja Alta
    2. Rioja Alavesa basque,
    3. Rioja Baja hot, dry lower quality

 

Towns are Haro & Logrono

river is Ebro

mountain range:Baja Montana

producers:

         Torre Muga

         Lopez de Heredia

         Barron de Ley

 

White Rioja is Viura (macabeo) which can now be blended with Sauvignon Blanc and Chardonnay as of 2006

 

 

Navarra-

Sub regions:

 

Ribera Alta (overlap Rioja)

Ribera Baja(overlap Rioja)

 

Baja Montana

Tierra Estella

Valdizarbe

 

 

Main grape is Garnacha Tinta, but some tempranillo and Cab

 

CHACOLI OR TXAKOLINA-

Chacoli de Alava

Chacoli de Guetaria

Chacoli de Vizcaya

hondarrabi zuri and hondarabi beltza (CHACOLI VIZCAYA-FOLLE BLANCHE)

 

Aragon

  • Campo de Borjagarnacha, garnacha blanca, viura
  • CalatayudGarnacha, Tempranillo, Malvasia, Mazuelo, Viura,
  • CariñenaGarnacha, Cab, Carinena, Juan Ibanez, Temp, Viura- dry, some rancio wines
  • SomontanoChardonnay, Alcanon, Caqb, Garnacha

 

 

CATALONYA

  • Alella- mostly white
  • Ampurdan-Costa Brava - right on the French border- Garnacha
  • Catalunya- broad
  • Cava-(ageing for cava is 9 mos San Sidurni d’Anoia within Penendes) 

             Parrelada, Macabeo and Xarell-O, some CH

  • Costers de Segre

         Les Garrigues and Valls de Riu Corb (whites)

1.         Artesa,Raimat, Segria

  • Conca de Barbera- Chardonnay is great here
  • Penedes-

            Bajo-Monastrell, Grenache, Carignan

                  Medio-Cava Country

                  Alta-mostly wh and some pinot

  • Pla de Bages
  • Priorat-Doca Garnacha and Carignan mostly
  • Montsant DO-similar to Priorat
  • Sitges- Non DO- known for fortified wine from Malvasia and Moscatel- grapes shrivel on the vine
  • Tarragona-ull de llebre is tempranillo here
  • Terra Alta-
  •  

 

 

VALENCIA

Utiel-Requena

ANDALUCIA-

  • Condado de Huelva-similar to Sherry
  • Malaga-Sherry like wines also, using solera system, best is Lagrima- sweetened with arrope
  • Montilla-Morilles- close to jerez and made from Pedro Ximenes in solera system.

 

  •  

 

JEREZ-

“SHERRY TRIANGLE”

SANLUCAR DE BARRAMEIDA

JEREZ DE LA FRONTERRA

PUERTO DE SANTA MARIA

  • Albariza soil-Palomino
  • Arenas and Barros -Pedro Ximenez/Moscatel
  • Yeso-prior to pressing grapes gypsum is added
  • Flor-yeat film on top of wine’s surface, occurs naturally,
  • 50-50 mixture-alcohol and pure grape juice for fortification
  • Solera-fractional blending system (criadera=nursery)

 

    1. Manzanilla=more ullage in casks (also Fina and Pasada, as well as Amontillado)
    2. FINO=palma is highest quality,
    3. Amontillado=with age fino gets darker, after 8 years it is amontillado
    4. Oloroso=means fragrant and no flor
    5. Cream=oloroso, sweetened w Pedro Ximenez
    6. Palo Cortado=happens in one of a thousand butts
    7. VOS 20
    8. VORS 30

 

Manzanilla has to be aged in Sanlucar de Barrameida. Bota is cask

Pagos-Anina, Martin

 

 

 

 

 

MURCIA

Jumilla and Yecla-monastrell, doble pasta

 

 

 

La mancha-known for airen for sherry

Valdepenas-cencibel (temprenillo) and airen for whites

Vino de Aguja-pearl wine

 

 

 

 

Portugal

Vinho de Mesa

Vinho Regional

IPR

DOC

Garrafeira-Reserve 2 in barrel 1 in bottle and 0,5% higher alc

 

Rios do Minho

VDP for Vinhos Verdes

Sub regions= Minho, Douro, Litoral

  • Vinho Verde (grapes are Loureiro, Trajadura and Alvarinho)

Subs=Moncao, Basto, Baiao, Lima, Cavado, Paira, Sousa, Amarante, Ave

many black bartenders like chugging pisco sours all afternoon

 

  • Douro-“Barca Velha” by Ferreira is from here. (tinta roriz, touriga nacional,tinta barroca, Touriga francesa) DOC in 1982

 

Tras-os-Montes

NE Portugal

IPRs

Chaves

Valpaços

Planalto-Mirandês

 

Beiras

Sub regions=Baixa, Alta & Litoral

DOCs

  • Dao-verdelho and arinto, tinta roriz, touriga nacional MIN 20%

 

Bairrada-Baga 50% grape and Maria Gomez for White. Some rose     Soil=Barros

 

IPRs

Castelo Rodrigo

Cova de Beira

Lafões

Lamego

Pinhel

Varosa

Encostas da Nave

(p)Encostas d’Aire

 

 

 

Estremadura

DOCs

    • Colares-grape is Ramisco, pre-phylloxera vines grown in sand trenches- workers wear cone hats to keep from being suffocated if the trenches cave in

·    Carcavelos-sweet fortified wines

·    Bucelas-whites from Arinto 75%

 

IPRs

Alenquer

Arruda

Obidos

Torres Vedras

Encostas d’Aire (part)

Cartaxo (p)

 

Ribatejo

No DOCs

 

IPRs

Almerim

Cartaxo (p)

Chamusca

Coruche

Santarem

Tomar

Valada do Ribatejo

 

Alentejo

Almost 1/3 of Portugal- known better for cork production

Most popular red is Periquita

DOCs

Borba

Reguengos

Redondo

Vidiguera

 

IPRs

Evora

Granja Amareleja

Moura

 

 

 

 

 

Algarve

DOCs

Portimao

Lagos

Lagoa

Tavira

 

 

Terras do Sado VR

DOC

·      Setubal-famous fortified dessert wine, Moscatel de Setubal is 85% Muscat

 

IPR

Palemela

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PORT

 

Touriga Naciona, Tinta Roriz, Tinta Francisca, Tinta Cao, Tinta Amarela and Touriga Francesa, Bastardo

 

Malvasia, Viosinho and Gouveio for wh

 

Cima Corgo, Baixo Corgo and Douro Superior.

 

Classification is based on Location, Aspect, Soil, Microclimate, Vine Varieties, Age of Vines, Vine Density, Productivity, Vineyard Maintenance (ABCD)

 

Pipe is 550 liters (440 and 110 aguardente) and used to be aged at Vila Nova De Gaia, before going to Oporto

  • Ruby Port-often no wood ageing
  • Crusted port-4 years in cask
  • LBV-4-6 years in cask.
  •  
  • Single Quinta-from single vineyard.

Cockburn= dos Canais

Warre’s =de Cavadinha

Taylor =Vargella

Grahams =Malvedos

Churchill =Gricha

Croft=Roeda

Sandeman=Passo Douro

 

  • Vintage port-must be bottled within 2 years.
  • Tawny-often blend of wh and red.
  • Aged tawny-constant racking over long period
  • Colheita-single vintage tawny (minimum 7 years in cask)

 

How are the Quinta’s Classified or rated?

                        Location

                        Altitude & Slope

                        Soil:  Schist, Granite, Mixture

                        Microclimate’

                        Vine varieties

                        Age of Vines

                        Vine density

                        Yields

                        Maintenance

 

What is Crusted Port?

            A blend of very high quality wines from 2 or more years, with up to 4 years in cask and 3 in bottle prior to sale, has a more forward style with a        significant deposit, hence the name crusted

 

 

Name the great port Vintages pre 1960.

                        00, 08, 27, 35, 45, 63

 

Name the great port vintages of the 70’s, 80’s and 90’s.

                        70, 77, 83, 85, 94, 97

 

What are the declared Port vintages from 1990-1998?

            '91, '92, '94, '95, '97.

 

NAME THE DECLARED VINTAGES OF PORT FROM 1980 TO 1992.

            '80, '82, '83, '85, '91, '92

 

 

How long is LBV aged for?

            4-6 years

 

Name the great port Vintages pre 1960.

                        00, 08, 27, 35, 45, 63

 

Name the great port vintages of the 70’s, 80’s and 90’s.

                        70, 77, 83, 85, 94, 97

 

What are the declared Port vintages from 1990-1998?

            '91, '92, '94, '95, '97.

 

.

            '80, '82, '83, '85, '91, '92

 

 

 

Madeira-

 

Special ovens called estufas are used to duplicate wines original voyages.

 

Tinta Negro Mole is used for cheap Madeira, Sercial, Bual, Malvasia and Verdelho are traditional grapes.

 

  • Finest-3 year and Tinta Negro Mole and Moscatel. For cooking.
  • Reserve-5 year, noble varieties, but if not mentioned, probably TNM.
  • Special Reserve-10 year.
  • Extra Reserve-15 year
  • Solera-true solera
  • Vintage-rare today (must be aged 20 years in cask)
  • Rainwater-softer version

 

 

Austria

    1. Niederosterreich
      • Wachau-gruner and Riesling (Prager and Pichler) Steinfeder, Federspiel, Smaragd
      • Kamtal-brundlemayer
      • Kremstal
      • Traisental
      • Weinviertel- new DAC
      • Donauland – home of oldest viticultural college
      • Carnuntum
      • Thermenregion-warmer and more reds
    2. Burgenland

o   Neusiedlersee-mostly botrytis, where Kracher is from

o   Neusiedlersee Hugelland-town of Rust

o   Mittelburgenland-more reds new DAC

o   Sudburgenland-reds

    1. Steiermark

o   Weststeiermark

o   Sud Osteiermark

o   Sudsteiermark

    1. Wien

 

DAC- Districtus Austriae Controllatus

         New system in Austria similar to AOC

Weinvertel (in 2003)

         Gruner Veltliner

Mittelbugenland

         Blaufrankisch

 

 

  • Tafelwein              63
  • Landwein              63
  • Qualitatswein                  73
  • Kabinett                83,5
  • Spatlese                94
  • Auslese                 105
  • Beerenauslese        127            
    • (also Strohwein which is aged on mats)
  • Eiswein                 127
  • Ausbruch              138            
    • (botrytized grapes, mainly Furmint)
  • Trockenbeerenauslese     156

 

Gruner, Riesling, PB=weisserburgunder, Chardonnay=Morillon

Blaufrankish, St. Laurent, Zweigelt, Rotgipfler

Rieden-single vineyard

 

 

What is Ausbruch?

            sweet wine from Neusiedlersee- east Austria- between BA and TBA 138 degrees oschle, raisiny, super boytrised             drided grapes must be wetted with spatlese to ferment

 

What is the famous wine village of Vienna or Wein?

                        Grinzling

 

Name the most widely planted red and white grape in Austria.

                        Gruner-Veltliner & Zweigelt

 

What is the largest area in Austria?

                        Weinvertal

 

NAME 2 RED VARIETALS PRODUCED IN AUSTRIA.

            Zweigelt, Blauer Portugeiser, Blaufränkisch.

 

WHAT IS THE MOST PLANTED RED VARIETY IN AUSTRIA.

            Zweigelt

 

What is the best area for Riesling in Austria?

            The Wachau.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hungary

 

Regions

 

Ø  Sopron

Ø  Aszar-Neszmely

Ø  Etyek-Buda

Ø  Balonmelleke

Ø  Baltonmelleke

Ø  Balatonboglar

Ø  Tolna

Ø  Mecsekalja

Ø  Kunsag

Ø  Csongrad

Ø  Maltraalja

Ø  Bukkalka

Ø  Tokaj-Hegyalja

 

Ø   

 

 

Ø  Bull’s Blood-Kadarka grape, also known as Bikaver from town of Eger.

Ø  Balaton Vineyards on the southern shore of Lake Balaton

 

TOKAJI

Primarily Harslevelu and Furmint, affected by botrytis, called Aszu.

Grapes are put in putton for 6-8 days, juice collected is called Essencia.

Each putton holds 50lbs and yields quarter pint of juice. After a paste is made and added to 30 gallon gonk of dry wine. The more puttons the sweeter.

Putton- 20 kilos

Gonc- 137 liters

 

Szamorodni-dry or sweet but rarely botrytized grapes.

 

Name the new grape allowed to be used in Tokaji.

                        Oremus

 

In Hungary, name the important wine regions and grapes south of Lake Balaton.

                        AKA – South Transdanubia

                        Villany – Kekoporto, Kekfrankos, Pinot Noir

                        Szekszrd – Kadarka, Kekfrankos

                        Mecsek Hills (AKA Pecs) – Olaszrizling, Chard, Cab, Kadarka

 

In Hungary, name important wine regions and grapes north of Lake Balaton.

                        AKA – North Transdanubia

                        Somlo – Riesling, Olaszrizling, Traminer

                        Balatonboglari – Merlot, Pinot, Chard, Sem

                        Sopron – Extention of Austrias Neusiedlersee; Cab, Merlot, Pinot

                        Mor – Ezerjo

 

Greece

 

AO= Appellation of Origin

TA= Traditional Appellation

TI= Topikos Inos

(Regional wine, similay to vin de pays)

 

 

·      Thrace

·      Macedonia

o   Amyndeo AO xynomavro

o   Cotes de Meliton AO r, wht, rose allowed- brainchild of John Carras. Assyrtico,Cab,                  Cab Franc, Grenache, P. Syrah, Rhoditis, sauv. Blanc, Ugni Blanc

o   Naoussa AO High altitude Xinomavro

o   Goumenissa AO Negoska, Xinomavro

o   Drama TI Agiorgitiko, Assyritico, Cab, Chard, Merlot, Sauv. Blanc, Rhoditis

o   Epanomi TI Negoska, Xinomavro

o   Pangeon TI Agiorgitiko, Cab, Chard

·      Thessaly

o   Anchialos AO wt, savatiano, rhoditis

o   Rapsani AO bland dry reds from Krasato, Xinomavro

o   Krania TI Cab, Chard, Merlot Producer:Katsaros

·      Epirus

o   Zitsa AO spritzy white from Debina

·      Ionian Islands

o   Kefalonia AO dry wht, Mavrodaphne, Muscat P. Grains, Robola Producer: Gentilini

·      Central Greece and Euboea

o   Retsina TA well?

·      Peloponnes        

o   Mantinia AO high altitude Moschophilero

o   Messenikola AO Xinomavro

o   Nema AO Agiorgitiko- known locally as the Blood of Hercules-prod: Gaia, Kokotos Skouras

o   Patras AO wines include Patras (mavrodaphne), Muscat of Patras (Muscat P. Grains), and Muscat Rion of Patras

·      Agean Islands

o   Limnos AO-limnos=unfortified Muscat, Muscat of Limnos = Muscat based liqueur

o   Paros AO lt red from Mandilaria

o   Rodos (or Rhodes)AO reds from 10% Mandilaria, whites 100% Athiri also Muscat made

o   Samos AO muscat based wine called Samena and Samena gold prod: Samos cooperative

o   Santorini AO dry wht from Aidani and Assyrtiko also vdl vdn and vin de paille

·      Crete

o   Archanes AO red- Kotsifali- producer: Boutari

o   Dafnés AO red- dry or sweet from Liatiko

o   Peza AO wht from Vilana

o   Sitia AO Liatiko and Mandilaria (rd) Vilana and Thrapsathiri (w)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Famous flashcard facts…..

Ch Carras in Macedonia, specifically Cotes de Meliton.

Retsina-wine with Aleppo pine resin added. Grapes are Rhoditis and Savatiano. Muscat Retsina is made on island of Lemnos.

Mavrodaphne of Patras-fortified wine from Patras grape

Naoussa-xynomavro grape         

Samos-sweet wines of Muscat

Nemea-Agiortiko grape red wine         

Santorini-wh from Assyrtiko

Zitsa- sparkling wine from Debina

 

Rest of Europe/Asia

 

 

Switzerland

 Chasselas:

Dorin in Vaud

Perlan in Geneva

Fendant in Valais

 

 

French Cantons:

Fribourg

Gea

Jura

Neuchatel

Valais

Vaud

 

German Cantons:

Aargau

Basel

Bern

Graubunden

St.-Gallen

Schwuz

Schaffhausen

Thurgau

 

Italian Cantons

Ticino- Merlot

Grigioni

 

 

 

 

 

Rskateli

 

 

 

 

 

Russia-Checheno-Ingush, Dagestan, Krasnodar, Rostov-na-du, Stavropol

 

Bulgaria

-Reserve, Special Reserve and Controliran

-DGO Declared Geographical Origin

Controliran= 2% of total production- grapes originating from strictly defined and controlled microregional vineyards w/ max yield and defined sugar content

 

Regions

  • Eastern Region
  • Northern Region
  • Southern Region
  • Southwestern Region
  • Sub-Balkan Region

 

Grapes

Cabernet, Gamza, Mavrud, Merlot, Pamid, Rkatsiteli, Red Misket, Ugni Blanc, Welschriesling

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

England-Denbies in Surrey

 

Name one region in the Caucasus Mountains.

                        Khartli

WHAT IS MAVRUD?

            Black grape from Bulgaria.

 

WHAT IS COTNARI?                                        

            Since 15th century, Romania's most famous wine district, within Moldavia.

            Tokaji-like dessert wine made from white grapes Grasa, Tamiioasa, Francusa, Feteasca Alba.

 

            Synonym for Chasselas in Valais of Switzerland

 

Whate are the most widely grown grapes in the Confederate of Independent States (CIS)?

            Ratziteli

            Saparavni

 

Who is the largest wine producer in England? What region are they located in?

            Denbies-Surrey

 

Where is the area of the Caucasus Mountains?

                        In Georgia, former Soviet Union

 

What are the 5 viticultural regions of Georgia?

                        Kakheti, Kartli, Imereti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Humid Sub-Tropic Zone

 

What is the most widely planted varietal in Russia?

                        Rkatsitelli

 

WHAT IS SVICHTOV?

         Bulgarian Controliran wine from Cabernet Sauvignon

 

USA

 

Augusta Missouri first AVA in 1980     Ohio River Valley Largest

Cole Ranch smallest

75% Varietal            85% vintage        Estate bottled 100%

 

NORTH COAST

a.    Lake County-Benmore, Guenoc, Clear Lake, High Valley, Red Hills Lake County

b.    Mendocino-Mendocino, Anderson Valley, Cole Ranch, McDowell Valley, Mendocino Ridge,  Potter Valley, Redwood Valley, Yorkville Highlands- Dos Rios NEW

c.    Sonoma-Alexander Valley, Bennett Valley Chalk Hill, Dry Creek Valley, Knights Valley, Carneros,  Northern Sonoma, Russian River, Rockpile, Sonoma Coast, Sonoma County Green Valley, Sonoma Mountain, Sonoma Valley

d.   Napa-Atlas Peak, Carneros, Chiles Valley, Howell Mt, Mt Veeder, Napa, Oakville, Oak Knoll, Rutherford, St Helena, Spring Mt, Stags Leap, Wild Horse, Yountville, Hope Valley

Marin County-North Coast

SF County-SF Bay

Solano County-Clarksburg, Solano County Green Valley, Suisun Valley, Wild Horse

CENTRAL VALLEY

Madera County-Madera

Sacramento County-Clarksburg and Lodi

         Lodi AVAs (new)

         Alta Mesa, Consumnes River, Borden Ranh, Jahant, Mokelumne    River, Clements Hills, Sloughhouse

San Joaquin County-Lodi and River Junction

 

Amador County-Ca Shenendoah, Fiddletown, Sierra Foothills

El Dorado County-El Dorado, Fair Play

Humbolt County-Willow Creek

Siskiyou County-Seiad valley

NORTH CENTRAL COAST
Alameda County-Livermore Valley

Contra Costa County

a.    Monterey County-Arroyo Seco, Carmel Valley, Chalone, Hames valley, San Bernarbe, Monterey, San Lucas and Santa Lucia Highlands

b.    San Benito County-Chalone, Cienega Valley, Lime Kiln Valley, Mt Harlan, Pacheco Pass, Paicines, SF Bay

San Mateo County-SF Bay and Santa Cruz Mountains

Santa Clara County-SF Bay, San Ysidro, Santa Clara Valley, Santa Cruz MT’s
SIERRA FOOTHILLS- El Dorado, Calavarez,

SOUTH CENTRAL COAST

a.    San Luis Obispo-Arroyo Grande, Edna Valley, Paso Robles, Santa Maria Valley, York Mt

b.    Santa Barbara-Santa Maria, Santa Rita Hills, Santa Ynez


SOUTHERN CAL

Los Angeles County-Malibu-Newton Canyon

San Bernardino County-Cucamonga Valley

Riverside County-Cucamonga and Temecula

San Diego County-San Pasgual Valley and South Coast

 

Meritage-Bordeaux varietals, one of 2 most exp and member of Meritage Society

 

 

NY

Lake Erie

Finger Lakes

Hudson River Region

Long Island

Hamptons, Long Island

North Fork of Long Island

Cayuga Lake

Seneca Lake

 

 

 

 

TEXAS

Texas Hill Country

Texas High Plains

Texas Davis Mountains

Bell Mountain

Fredericksburg

Mesilla Valley

Escondido Valley

 

OREGON

Red Hill Douglas County Oregon

Applegate Valley

Umpqua Valley

Williamette Valley

·  McMinville

·  Dundee Hills

·  Eola Hills

·  Chehalem Mt.

·  Ribbon Ridge

·  Yamhill Carlton

Walla Walla Valley [OR,WA]

Columbia Valley [OR,WA]

Rogue Valley

 

WASHINGTON

Walla Walla Valley [OR,WA]

Yakima Valley

Horse Heaven Hills

Puget Sound

Columbia Valley [OR,WA]

Columbia Gorge (OR,WA)

Wahluke Slope

Red Mountain

 

 

CANADA

Vintners Quality Alliance             VDQ-must be 100%from defined region

British Columbia-Vancoouver Island, Fraser Valley, Okanagen Valley, Similkameen Valley

 

Ontario-Lake Erie North Shore, Niagara & Pelee Island

 

 

 

South America

 

 

THE POOP ON PISCO

Mostly made in Peru and Chile

Muscatel used for Chilean Pisco

Quebranta for Peruvian (non aromatic)

Pot stills used

Distilled to 40%alch in Peru, 55-60% in Chile

Chilean brand: Capel

Peruvian brand: Don Cesar

 

 

 

Peru:

Regions are Ica Valley and Moquegua Valley

Main producer: Tacamafrom Ica

Home of Pisco

 

Bolivia:

Regions: La Paz and Tarija

Main Producer: La concepcion

 

Paraguay:

Region: Villarrica

 

Brazil:

Regions: Sao Paulo, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul

Best Producers: Cooperativa Vinicola Aurora, Amadeu, Chandon do Brasil, Lovara, Miolo

 

Uruguay:

Regions: Salto and Monteideo

Main Grape: Tannat

Producers: Juanico, Pisano, Traversa

 

 

 

CHILE

 

    Much of the SB planted in Chile is not really SB but Sauvignonesse

    Local grape: Pais

    Carmenere heavily promoted-

    75% law established in 1995- states only 25% of a bottle’s contents are to vary from the specifications on it’s label

    wines called reserva, gran reserva, and reserva especial must indicate place of origin but no aging requirements necessary

    Producers:

o   Almaviva, Aquitania, Casa Lapostolle, Casablanca, Concha y Toro,Miguel Torres, Santa Rita

 

Regions

  • Atacama- mostly grapes for Pisco

o   Copiapo

o   Huasco

  • Coastal Region (aka Aconcagua)

o   Aconcagua Valley

o   Casablanca Valley- SB does best here

o   Marga Marga Valley

o   San Antonio Valley (Leyda Valley)

o    

  • Coquimbo-

o   Elqui- pisco epicenter

o   Limara

o   Choapa

·      Central Valley-

o   Maipo

o    Rapel

Cachapoal, Colchagua

o   Curico

                        Teno, Lontue

o   Maule

Claro Valley, Loncomilla, Tutuven

  • Southern Region-(itch my balls)

o   Itata

o   Malleco

o    Bio Bio

 

ARGENTINA

    Most Southern is Rio Negro                

    Most planted red grape is Bonarda

    Argentina contains the greatest concentration of high-altitude vineyards in the world

    Mt Aconcagua is here at over 7000m-

    Continental climate.

    Good producers: Wienert, Catena, Archaval Ferrer, Tikal, Luca

 

  • Norte-
    • Jujuy
    • Salta potential for great wine
  • Occidente-
    • Catamarca grapes for brandy
    • La Rioja hot area makes occidized wine
  • San Juan more grape concentrate than wine
  • Cordoba
  • Littoral
  • Entre Rios

·      Mendoza- best and biggest area for wine

o   Maipumy-poo tastes like super salty snacks

o   Tupungato

o   Lujan de Cuyo

o   San Rafael

o   San Carlos

o   Santa Rosa

  • Neuquen
  • Rio Negro potential fine wine future here

 

What is the unique vine training system used in Argentina and Chile?  Describe it.

                        Parrel – It looks like a tree.  It allows air to flow and protects the grapes from the sun.

 

 

AUSTRALIA

 

1990 Australia introduced the Label Integrity Programme, enforced by Wine and Brandy Coorperation.

Varietal 85%          Origin 85%            Vintage 95%

Australias Wine Institute is in Adelaide

GI=Geographic Indication

 

Zone

         Region

                  Subregion

 

  •  

New South Wales

·  Big Rivers

o   Murray Darling

o   Perricoota

o   Riverina

o   Swan Hill

·  Central Ranges

o   Cowra

o   Mudgee

o   Orange

·  Hunter Valley

o   Hunter

§  Broke Fordwich

·  Northern Rivers

o   Hastings River

·  Northern Slopes

·  South Coast

o   Shoalhaaven Coast

o   Southern Highlands

·  Southern New South wales

o   Canberra District

o   Gundagai

o   Hillltops

o   Tumbarumba

·  Western Plains

 

Victoria

  • Central Victoria
    • Bendigo
    • Goulburn Valley
      • Nagambie Lakes
    • Heathcote
    • Strathboogie Ranges
    • Upper Goulburn
  • Gippsland
  • North East Victoria
    • Alpine Valleys
    • Beechworth
    • Glenrowan
    • Rutherglen
  • North West Victoria
    • Murray Darling
    • Swan Hill
  • Port Phillip
    • Geelong
    • Macedon Ranges
    • Mornington Peninsula
    • Sunbury
    • Yarra Valley
  • Western Victoria
    • Grampians
    • Henty
    • Pyrenees

Western Australia

  • Central Western Australia
  • Eastern Plains, Inland and North of Western Australia
  • Greater Perth
    • Peel
    • Perth Hills
    • Swan District
      • Swan Valley
  • South West Australia
    • Blackwood Valley
    • Geographe
    • Great Southern
      • Albany
      • Denmark
      • Frankland River
      • Mount Barker
      • Porongurup
    • Manjimup
    • Margaret River
    • Pemberton
  • West Australian South East Coastal

South Australia

South Eastern Australia

South Australia

Adelaide (super Zone Includees Mount Lofty Ranges, Fleurieu & Barossa)

Barossa

            Barossa Valley

Eden Valley

                        High Eden

Far North

            Southern Flinders Ranges

Fleurieu

            Currency Creek

            Kangaroo Island

            Langhorne Creek

            McLaren Vale

            Southern fleurieu

Limestone Coast

            Coonawarra

            Mount Benson

            Padthaway

            Robe

            Wrattonbully

Lower Murray

            Riverland

Mount Lofty Ranges

            Adelaide Hills

                        Lenswood

                        Piccadilly Valley

            Adelaide Plains

            Clare Valley

The Peninsulas

 

 

Tasmania (none of the regions or subs are registered)

  • Pipers Brook
  • Tamar River
  • Tamar Valley
  • Coal River
  • Derwent Valley

Queensland                             Northern Territory

Granite Belt                              Alice Springs (Chateau Hornsby)

 

 

NEW ZEALAND

Most Southernly grown grapes

Wine Institute pushed for quality variatals

Pinot and SB top grapes

 

CO-certified Origins

 

North Island (nearly all women brag giving head well)

  • Northland
    • Kaitaia
    • Kerikeri
    • Whangarei
    •  
  • Auckland
    • Kumeu
    • Huapai
    • Waiheke Island
    • Clevedon
    • Matakana
    • Great Barrier Island
    • Henderson
    • Mahurangi
    • Oratia

 

  • Waikato
    • Hamilton
    • Te Kauwhata
    •  
  • Bay of Plenty
    • Galatea
    • Katikati
    • Rotorua
    • Tauranga
    • Thorton
    • Whakatane
    •  
  • Gisborne (Poverty Bay)
    • Hexton
    • Matawhero
    • Ormond
    •  
  • Hawkes Bay
    • Bay View
    • Eskdale
    • Flaxmere
    • Hastings
    • Havlock North
    • Mangatahi
    • Te Awanga
    •  
  • Wellington
    • Gladstone
    • Masterston
    • Otaki
    • Te Horo
    • Martinborough

 

South Island (No Men Can Cook)

  • Nelson
    • Clifton
    • Golden Bay
    • Motueka
    • Nelson
    • Richmond
    • Upper Moutere
    •  
  • Marlborough  
    • Awatere Valley
    • Blenheim
    • Kaitunaa
    • Koromiko
    • Wairau Valley
    • Woodbourne
    •  
  • Canterbury
    • Banks Peninsula
    • Christchurch
    • Omihi
    • Waipara
    • Weka Pass
    •  
  • Central Otago
    • Alexandra
    • Bannackburn
    • Bendigo
    • Cromwell
    • Dunstan
    • Ettrick
    • Gibbston
    • Lake Hayes
    • Wanaka

 

 

PRODUCERS IN NZ BY REGION

 

 

 

North Island (nearly all women brag giving head well)

 

  • Northland
    • The Antipoden
    •            
  • Auckland
    • Kumeu River
    • Montana
    • Villa Maria-SB & PN
    • Te Motu (from Wahiki Island)
    • Stony Ridge

 

  • Waikato
    • Kanuka Forest
    •  
  • Bay of Plenty
    • Thorton
    • Whakatane
    •  
  • Gisborne (Poverty Bay)
    • The Milton Vineyard
    • Parker (method champenoise)
    • Long Bush
    •  
  • Hawkes Bay
    • Craggy Range
    • Kim Crawford
    • Hatton Estate
    • Te Mata- great red wines
    •  
  • Wellington
    • Ata Rangi (martinborough) PN
    • Dry River (martinborough)-Gewurtz and PG
    • Escarpment
    • Martinborough

 

South Island (No Men Can Cook)

  • Nelson
    • Neudorf- chard and PN
  • Marlborough  
    • Cloudy Bay
    • Isabel Estate
    • Lawsons
    • Fromm (biodynamic malbec and auslese Riesling) sold under La Strada lable

 

 

  • Canterbury
    • Pegasus Bay
    • Wairapara Springs

 

 

  • Central Otago
    • Berridge
    • Waitiri Creek
    • Amisfield
    • Mount Difficulty
    • Rippon
    • Wooing Tree
    • Felton Road-pn

 

 

 

SOUTH AFRICA

 

WO-wine of origin 1973        VIP-vine improvement program   KWV-1918 and changed in 1997                  75% min to be variatal named,  85%EU

Cultivar-varietal

Cape Doctor= the wind that blows through the cape lessening boytritus but sometimes     damaging young vines     

Steen-chenin                 

Stein-white wine, often off dry from Chenin.

Cap Classique-sparkling wine

Van der Hume-Liqueur with Brandy, tangerines and spices

Jerepigo-VDL made from red or white grapes

Pinotage since 1925

03 best vintage of late

enology school in stellenbosch

KWV lost its hold in 92

Post aparthide producers could finaly bring in new vines

o   

 

 

 

 

    • Coastal Region WO Do Smart people still try to cook corndogs?
    • Darling new!
    • Swartland
    • Paarl
    • Stellenbosch Thelema-pinotage, Mulderbosch
    • Tulbagh
    • Tygerberg
    • Cape Point
    • (Constantia and Durbanville external Wards included in it)

                  Constantia producers: Klein Constantia, Groot Constattia, Steenberg

Klein Constantia=Vin de Constance (Muscat)

  • Boberg WO(fortified wines only under Boberg name)
    • Paarl
    • Nederburg, Fairview (Goats du Roam), Glen Carlou, Plasir de Merle
    • Tulbagh
  • Breede River Valley WO
    • Worcester
    • Robertson
    • De Wetshof, Springfield, Graham Beck
    • Swellendam
  • Olifants River WO hot and dry Vredendall= SA largest producer

o   Citrusdal Mountain

o   Citrusdal Valley

o   Lutzville Valley Lutzville winery

  • Klein Karoo WO
    • Calitzdorp arid, red shale based Karoo soil- Jerapigo and port style wines, Boplass=producer
  • Overberg WO
    • Klein River
    • Elgin
    • Elgin Leading producer=Paul Cluver
  • Walker Bay-Hamilton Russel (chard and Pinot)Southern Wright (shiraz,cab)
  • Cape Agulhas
    • Elim

 

  • Cederberg WO
  • Picketberg
  • Western Cape
  • Northern Cape
    • Douglas

 

 

 

 

 

In South Africa, what must the percentage of a varietal, vintage and origin be if printed on the label?

                       75% of stated varietal, vintage & origin

 

The wine ward of Franschhoek and Wellington are located in what Wine Origin district.

                       Paarl, South Africa

 

What is Chenel and where is it grown?

                       A cross between Chenin and Trebbiano.  It is grown in South Africa.

 

 

What is Steen, where is it grown and name one producer.

                       It is another name for Chenin Blanc in South Africa – Nederburg

 

What is Pinotage?

                       A Cinsault/Pinot Noir cross grown in South Africa

 

THE FIRST BOTTLING OF PINOTAGE IN S. AFRICA?1961.

        

 

 

Asia

· Japan

·  Native grapes= Koshu and Ryugan

·  Largest vineyard= Yamanashi Vineyard (near the foot of Mount Fuji)

·  Governed by theJapan Wineries Association

·  Kokunai san= domestic wine

·  Yunyu san=imported bulk wine

·  Kokusan budo 100%= 100%domestic wine-grown, bottled & fermented

·   

·  Regions:

·  Honshu Island (low humidity, unlike most of Japan)

·           Kofu Valley

·           Osaka Valley

·           Yamanashi Vineyard (most famous and oldest wine region)

·  Hokkaido (grows Yamabudo=mountain grape)

 

Producers- Marufuji (benchmark Koshu from Yamanashi)

                      Kuzumaki (specializing in Yamabudo varieties and hybrids)

                      Grace - (one of the better examples of CS, Chard, Merlot)

                     Katsunuma Jo zo- (one of the better examples of CS, Chard, Merlot)

·  

· China

·  

 

Terminology

Maceration Peliculaire-cold soak to extract more flavor

Mutage-rest fermentation

Passirellage-chemical change in grapes during late harvest

Millerandage-different size berries in clusters, due to poor fruit set

Remuage-Riddling

Remontage-pumping over

Bentonite-fining agent

Governo process-grapes are dried before being pressed

Soutirage-transferring wine from one container to another without lees.

Debourbage-settling out solids

Batonnage-stirring the lees

Crown gall-root and stem disease   Pierces disease also

Oidium-vine mildew

Chlorosis-lime defiency in soil/yellowing of leafs

Powdery mildew and downy mildew (botrytis)

Soils of the world

Aeolian- Sediments deposited by wind (loess)

Albariza- White surfaced soil formed by diatomaceous deposits- Southern Spain

Argillaceous soils- term covers a group of sedimentary soils, clays, shales, mudstones, siltstones, and marls

Basalt- 90% of allo lava based volcanic rocks

Bastard soil- Bordelais name for medium-heavy, sandy-clay soil

Boulbenes- Bordelais name for fine siliceous soil that is easily compressed and hard to work. Covers part of the Entre-Deux-Mers plateau.

Crasse de fer- Iron rich hardpan found in the Libournais area of France

Galestro- rocky, schistous soil commonly found in most of Tuscany’s best vineyards

Gneis- a cours grained form of granite

Greywacke- Agillaceous rock that could been formed as recently as a few thousand years ago by rivers depositing mudstone, quartz , and feldspar. Commonly found in Germany, South Africa, and New Zealand.

Keuper- often used when discussing wines in Alsace, keuper is a stratigraphic name for the upper Triassic period, and can mean marl or limestone

Kimmeridgian-greyish colored limestone originally identified in and so named after, the village of Kimmeridge in Dorset, England.

Lignite- the “brown coal” of Germany and the “black gold” of Champagne, this is a brown carbonaceous material imtermediate between coal and peat.

Loess- an accumulation of wind-borne, mainly silty material, sometimes calcareous, but usually weathered and decalcified. Good water retention

Muschelkalk-Often used when discussing wines in Alsace. Stratigraphic name for the mid. Triassic period and can mean anything from sandstone, dolomite, marl, limestone, and shingle.

Oolite- type of limestone

Palus- Bordelais name for a very fertile soil of modern alluvial origin

Pudding stones- term used for large, eat retaining conglomerate of pebbles- Chateauneuf du Pape

Steige- a type of schist found on the north side of Andlau in Alsace

Terra Rossa- red, claylike, sometimes flinty sedimentary soil deposited after carbonate has been leached out of limestone. Coonawarra

Tufa- vent-based volcanic rocks- the chalktufa of the Loire being the most important viticulturally speaking

 

 

SPIRITS, BEER

& CIGARS

 

GIN-juniper berries, coriander, angelica root, orange, lemon, liqourice, orris root, cassia bark cardamom, fennel, almonds.

 

Scotch Whisky

Categories:

Single malt

Vatted malt (or pure malt)

Blended

Single grain

 

Single malt-product of one speific distillery not mixed with whisky from any other distilleries.

 

Speyside

Balvenie

Macallan

Glenfiddich

Glenlivit

Aberlour

 

Highlands

Oban

Glenmorangie

Glencadam

Dalmore

Dalwhinnie

 

Campbeltown-no more

Springbank

Glen Scotia

 

Lowland

Auchentoshan

Bladnoch

Glenkinchie

 

Island-islands are Jura, skye, Orkney, Mull, and Arran

Arran

Highland Park

Talisker

 

Islay

Laphroaig

Lagavulin

 

 

 

 

Blended Schotch:

Dewar’s, Johnnie Walker, Cutty Sark, Famous Grouse, Chivas

 

Irish whiskey-fermentation is stopped by heating in closed kiln. Scotch is over peat fire…..

 

Bourbon-51% corn and 2 years in new charred white oak barrels

 

 

 

Metaxa-made from Muscat Greece

Slivovitz-blue plum

Amaretto-apricot kernels, tasting like marzipan

Suze- gentian root

Aperol- like campari- softer w/ gentian, rhubarb, orange

Benedictine-brandy from monks secret recipe

Chartreuse-green 55% and yellow 43%

Advocaat-egg brandy from Holland

Galliano-herb flavored Italian, ingredient in Harvey Wallbanger

Kummel-sweet, caraway flavored from Holland

Midori-melon from Japan

Strega-herbs and bark from Italy

Drambuie, Glayva-heather honey and scotch( Irish Mist is Irish version)

Southern Comfort-whiskey, oranges, peaches

 

Americano-campari, vermouth, soda

Cosmo-vodka, cran, cointreu, lime

Horse’s neck-brandy, ginger ale, peel of lemon

Manhattan-rye whiskey, vermouth, twist lemon

Negroni-gin, vermouth, campari, slice orange

Sidecar-Brandy, Contreau, Lemon juice and sugared rim

Rusty Nail-2/3 Scotch and Drambuie with lemon twist

Pink Gin-Plymouth, bitters and water

 

 

 

 

Cognac                               

Fine-is 50% min Grande and rest Petite

Grande Champ

Petit Champagne

Borderies

Bon Bois

Fin Bois

Bois Ordinaires

 

Pineau de Charentes=vdl

Ugni Blanc, Folle Blanche and Colombard (ONLY COPPER STILL)

Broiully’s are created, but only bonne chauffe is used (tete, queue)

 

3 years in French oak

VS-3   VSOP-5        XO-

 

Armagnac-Haut, Bas and Tenareze (contiuos still rather than pot still)

Floc Gascogne

3 star- 2 years        VO/VSOP-3Vieille and Tres Vielle is 6

 

Calvados- Calvados AC and Pays d’Augeand Domfrontaise

Pommeaux de Normandy=vdl

 

Mirabelle-yellow plum        Framboise-raspberry         Kirsch-cherry

Poire-pear    Quetsch-red plums Alsace

 

Pastis- Pernod, Ricard, Ouzo(all licorice)

 

Bitters-angostura (trinidad), campari, fernet, Underberg

 

 

BEER

Malt is made by steeping barley, grains dried in kiln, malt is cracked producing grist, mixed with water for 2 hours and becomes “wort” (mash tun), yeast added and then fermenting. Ale is top fermented….Lager bottom….

 

Ale

Ale generally commes from countries that have moderate to warm weather, such as France, Great Britain, and Belgium. Yeast is top fermenting.

Some ales:

Bitter

Brown Ale

India Pale Ale

Lambic

Kriek

Oatmeal Stout

Porter

Trappist

Weisse or Weissen

 

 

Lager

Brewed at lower temperatures than ales and yeast ferments on the bottomof the fermentation tank. Lagers are traditionally in cool places like Germany, Czech Republic, Wisconsin, and Colorado. Lagers are best served between 38 and 45 ̊F.

Black Beer (different from stout)

Bock

Dopplebock

Dunkel

Eisbock

Malt Liquor

Munich

Pilsner

Steam Beer (made withlager yueast, fermented at ale temperatures)

Urquell

 

 

CIGARS

55 tempand 55 humidity

Filler, binder, wrapper

Petit Corona-5 by 42

Corona-5 1/2 by42

Churchill-7 by 49

Robusto-5 by 50

Cuban regions:Vuelta Abajo, Semi Vuelta, Partidos, Remedios, Oriente

Colors: Claro, Colorado Claro, Colorado Maduro

 

 

           

For the following Cigars if given the size, name the cigar type or if given the cigar type, name the size.

                        Petite Corona                 5*42

                        Corona                          5.5*42

                        Panatella                       6*36

                        Robusto             5*50

                        Corona Extra                  5.5*46

                        Lonsdale                        6*45

                        Churchill                        7*47

                        Dbl. Corona                   8*49

                        Gigantes                        9.5*52 or larger